Academic reading

Most university courses involve significant amounts of reading. Your lecturers will often provide you with reading lists, setting out the texts that they would like you to read for the topics covered in their modules. These readings are carefully chosen to help you gain a deeper understanding of the topics covered in lectures.

Sometimes these lists are quite long. You may not be expected to read everything on your reading list. If you are in doubt, ask for clarification. Your lecturer should be able to indicate which readings are most important for you to tackle.

Most reading lists will include books or book chapters, and academic journal articles. Academic journals operate a system of peer review, where experts in the field scrutinise articles submitted for publication. If these experts approve the article for publication, they become ‘referees’. Only articles that have been verified by impartial (often anonymous) referees are published in academic journals. This is a form of quality control which means that you can have a certain level of trust in the quality of the research that is presented in these journals. Your reading list could also include reports, government publications, conference papers, magazine or newspaper articles, interview transcripts, websites, blogs, theses, draft journal articles, and more.

If you find reading difficult or boring, or are just not in the habit of reading a lot, the amount of reading required at university can come as a bit of a shock. Even if you enjoy reading, you may find that reading for academic purposes is a very different activity to reading for pleasure or passing interest. Sometimes the language is unfamiliar or complex, or the concepts seem difficult. You can easily find yourself ‘bogged down’ or wading very slowly through the material.

When reading for academic purposes, try to be clear about your motivation at the outset. Ask yourself why you are reading a particular work:

  • Are you reading for an assignment or an exam?
  • Are you reading to get some general ‘background’ knowledge, or to get a deeper understanding of a certain topic?
  • Are you reading to find or understand a particular point (or point of view), argument, or quote?
  • Do you need a detailed grasp of the material, or do you need to skim for the main ideas, or scan for specific information?

Your approach to reading may differ depending on your motivation. If you just want to get a general overview of a text, you can ‘skim’ it for the main ideas. This involves reading through the text quite swiftly, noting only the main points or the general argument. Or you might ‘scan’ a text – an even speedier process, where you flick quickly through a reading to see if it might be useful for you or to pick out useful nuggets of information (such as quotes). For example, you could scan the ‘blurb’ on the back of a book, the introduction or concluding chapters, or the so-called ‘abstract’ of a journal article (which summarises the article content).

However, much of your reading will be more concentrated than this. See our top tips for academic reading for some advice to help you with the deeper type of reading you will encounter as a student.

Note-making

A skill that is strongly linked to reading is the skill of note-making for assignments, revision and exams. This is quite a different skill to that of note-taking in lectures and tutorials (see our top tips for note-taking in the Lectures and tutorials section in Getting Organised for more on the latter).

For any topic that you study, you will have a wide range of reference material (your own class notes, notes or slides provided by your lecturers and tutors, videos and recordings, books and journal articles, assignments, past exam papers, online resources, and so on). The aim of good note-making is to distil these various sources into a complete, concise and comprehensive set of notes.

Your notes should be original (that is, written in your own words) and unique (that is, unlike any other student’s notes). Creating notes like this will help you to see themes and make connections that may not have been evident before, and should provide you with a very useful resource for revision. See our top tips for note-making for some ideas.

Downloads

  • Academic reading

    Academic reading PDF (124 KB)

  • Note-making

    Note-making PDF (905 KB)