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About NUI Galway
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First Year Modules Descriptions
- Atomic structure, chemical arithmetic: calculations involving industrially and biologically important chemical processes. Bonding.
- Gases: Working model of a gas; gas laws; kinetic theory. Phase changes.
- Solutions: Concentration units; solubility; detergents, separation techniques: Distillation.
- Properties of solids and materials: Model of a solid; simple crystal structures; metals; Band Theory; relationship between structure and macroscopic properties. Superconductors; Semiconductors.
- Acids and bases: Basic definitions; strong and weak acids and bases, pH calculations. Buffers.
- Redox processes: Electrochemistry; cells and electrode processes; corrosion and its prevention
- Thermodynamics: Basic concepts and laws; enthalpy; calorific value of fuels; entropy; free-energy and spontaneity of chemical reactions; bond dissociation concept. Thermodynamics of biological processes.
- Kinetics/equilibria: Determination of rate and order of reactions; factors affecting rates of reactions; catalysis, including enzyme catalysis. Le Chatelier’s Principle; calculation of equilibrium constants.
- Organic chemistry: Historical introduction. Chemical reactions of important functional groups including aromatic systems. Isomerism including chirality. Polymerisation.
This module will provide an introduction to Engineering Computation, beginning with a general overview of computer systems, operating systems and applications. Students will store data and operate on it using a spreadsheet program, and then learn how to move such data into a numerical computing package.
This module will introduce students to the basics of software development and programming in a modern procedural programming language. By tackling specific Engineering problems, students will gain experience of designing, developing, testing, and evaluating computer programs. They will develop software for both desktop and embedded computing platforms.
The roles and responsibilities of engineers in different disciplines, some basic engineering theory/principles and concepts, material behaviour and characteristics, introduction to engineering components and basic system design methodologies, problem-solving in engineering carried out individually and in teams, responsible and ethical engineering practice.
Students apply engineering knowledge to fulfil a “design, build and test” project brief covering several engineering disciplines. The engineering knowledge comprises theory and skills acquired in other modules supplemented by lectures on engineering design philosophies and methodologies in this module. The emphasis of the module will be on working in teams in design office, laboratory or workshop environments in a Project Based Learning mode.
Full description of module did not fit in description box above:
Engineering Graphics introduces the students to Engineering Graphics as a language and to Engineering Drawings. The students will acquire familiarity with AutoCAD and the necesary skills to complete Engineering Drawings. The skills and knowledge acquired in this module will enable the students to apply AutoCAD to engineering design problems.The module combines lecture time with laboratory/design office assignments.
Limits, continuity, intermediate value theorem, differentiation, logarithms. These tools are used to tackle verbally stated engineering problems involving rates of change and maxima and minima. Basic properties of integrals, Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, method of substitution, integration by parts, partial fractions and the logarithm rule. These tools are used to solve verbally stated engineering problems involving integration techniques.
Taught in Semester(s) I. Examined in Semester(s) I.
Workload: 48 hours (36 Lecture hours, 12 Tutorial hours).
Module Learning Outcomes. On successful completion of this module the learner should be able to:
- evaluate and manipulate limits;
- determine points of discontinuity of functions of a single variable;
- evaluate and manipulate derivatives of functions of a single variable;
- tackle verbally stated engineering problems involving rates of change, maxima, minima, inflection points;
- evaluate integrals of functions of a single variable using substitution, integration by parts and partial fractions;
- evaluate integrals of functions of a single variable using the logarithm rule or the inverse function rule;
- calculate areas, volumes of revolution and lengths of curves using integration techniques;
- solve verbally stated engineering problems involving integration techniques.
Express a problem modelled by a system of linear equations in an appropriate matrix form and solve the resulting system of equations;use row operations to determine whether or not a system of m linear equations in n unknowns is consistent /has a unique solution /has an infinite number of solutions;perform elementary calculations involving matrices and determinants;calculate the characteristic polynomial, eigenvalues and corresponding eigenvectors for a 3 x 3 matrix, and diagonalise such a matrix; write complex numbers in modulus/argument form, apply de Moivre’s theorem, derive expressions for the sin/cosine of multiple angles in terms of powers of sin/cosine x, etc;factorise real polynomials into irreducible linear and quadratic terms. Determine the nth roots of unity for small values of n;plot direction fields for first order ODEs and solve separable first order ODEs;solve linear first order ODEs by the integrating factor method;solve linear homogeneous second order ODEs with constant coefficients, solve linear non-homogeneous second order ODEs with constant coefficients by the method of undetermined coefficients and the method of variation of parameters.
- Vectors in two and three dimensions: definition of vectors and scalars, simple vector algebra, Cartesian components of vectors, the dot product and its properties, some geometry with vectors;
- Kinematics: one-dimensional motion, displacement, velocity, acceleration, formulae for uniform acceleration and examples of their use, vertical motion under gravity, motion in two and three dimensions;
- Relative velocity: the relative velocity formula and examples of its use in solving problems;
- Newton’s laws of motion: the three laws and an elucidation of their meaning via examples, examples of forces, pulley systems, motion on surfaces and the laws of friction;
- Conservation of momentum: impulse, momentum, sudden impacts, conservation of momentum, direct impacts, oblique impacts, examples;
- Work, power and energy: the line integral and the definition of work, power, kinetic energy, the principle of work, solution of problems using the principle of work, conservative forces and potential energy, conservation of mechanical energy, the solution of problems using conservation laws;
- Circular motion and angular momentum: the equations of motion in polar coordinates, circular motion, angular speed and velocity, examples;
- Systems of particles and rigid bodies: the centre of mass of a system of particles and its motion, the calculation of the centre of mass of some standard bodies, the cross product and angular momentum, moment of force, rigid bodies, derivation of the equation for motion about the centre of mass, solution of some simple static problems for rigid bodies.
The aim of this module is to equip the learner with basic knowledge, skills and competences associated with the fundamentals of a range of topics in engineering physics.
- The Experimental Method:
Units, measurement, experimentation, units, significant figures
Heat and Temperature
- Acoustics and Optics:
Electromagnetic waves: EM spectrum, doppler effect, polarisation
Geometrical optics: reflection and refraction, mirrors, thin lenses, optical instruments
- Electricity and Magnetism:
Electric potential, current, energy, electric forces and fields
Insulators, conductors, semiconductors: diode: structure, behaviour
- Atomic and Nuclear Physics:
Photoelectric effect, quantum theory
Nucleus, nuclear energy
Bohr atomic model (Chemistry)
Pre-requisite: mechanics is taught in SE 1 or early SEM 2 (applied Maths)