HEALTH BEHAVIOUR IN SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN (HBSC) IRELAND

World Health Organization Collaborative Cross-National Study

What is participative research?

Participatory research approaches emerged in the 1970s and have gained growing recognition since. Increasingly, health research has become a collaborative process with the participation of the people likely to be affected by any changes in service provision, policy developments and professional practice as a result of the research findings. Participative research aims to develop, apply and investigate appropriate mechanisms and approaches towards the participation of research participants in all aspects of the research process. The approach explicitly concerns power within the research cycle and the requirement for research to be both empowering and health promoting.

The adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989 focused attention on youth participation in particular. In this Convention article 12 states that children and young people should have their opinions taken into account in all major decisions affecting their lives.  

 

Participative research within the Irish HBSC study?

Within the Irish HBSC team we have been working on the development of a range of research methodologies designed to facilitate active participation of young people in the research process. To date, young people have been actively involved in providing data through completing the HBSC questionnaires. However, with increasing recognition of the value of involving young people in various stages of the research process (Alderson, 2001; Sinclair, 2004) we have been striving to achieve this. Youth participation in the HBSC study has been employed with regard to data generation, devising research questions, data analysis, data interpretation and dissemination. 

We worked with the Department of Children and Youth Affairs during the 2013/14 HBSC research cycle. A series of participative research workshops with young people on all aspects of the HBSC research cycle were facilitated. Questions were specifically developed by young people for inclusion in the 2014 HBSC questionnaire.

Work on youth participation is also a priority within HBSC International with many countries engaging with youth in their national projects, including Canada, Czech Republic, England, France, Ireland, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia and Scotland.

 

Youth Engagement

HBSC INTERNATIONAL REPORT MAY 2020 ART COMPETITION

2020 IR HBSC Ireland art collage

 

As part of a number of initiatives to involve young people in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study, children across Europe were asked to contribute their artwork to the HBSC International Report, ‘Spotlight on adolescent health and well-being. Findings from the 2017/2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (‎HBSC)‎ survey in Europe and Canada.

An art competition was held across HBSC countries and the winning entry from each country was included in the report. The artwork featured here includes Irish entries to the HBSC international art competition. The artists, aged 13-17, (from top left to bottom right) are: Cormac, Robyn, Dylan, Li, Caoimhe, Rebecca, Jade and Keith. Congratulations to Caoimhe, (age 13) whose artwork was included in the report.


HBSC International meeting - June 2018

Continuing the youth involvement with HBSC International that began at the 30th Anniversary in 2013 a youth engagement social event was held at the International Spring meeting in Warsaw 21-23 June  2018. Watch the video of the session:


HBSC 30th Anniversary - June 2013

Youth participation group at the 30th Anniversary HBSC meeting

At the 30th anniversary of the World Health Organization’s collaborative HBSC survey, held in June 2013,  a group of young Irish people, from Galway, Sligo, Cork and Dublin, together with youth groups from England, Wales, Scotland and Canada, came together to help direct and inform the study from the point of view of young people and to display the importance of including young people in the research process. This was the first time young people were involved in an international HBSC network meeting and was so succcesful that youth have been involved in some capacity since. 

For more information see:

Watch the video of the session:

 

Publications:

Kenny, U., Molcho, M. & Kelly, C. (2017). Young people's perspectives in developing a survey item on factors that influence body image. Young 25(4s), 1-19 download

Keane, E. & Nic Gabhainn, S. (2016). HBSC Ireland 2014:  description of the child developed 'Does your family play with you?' question asked in HBSC Ireland 2014 study.  Galway: Health Promotion Research Centre, NUI Galway. Short report for Department of Children and Youth Affairs. download (433KB)

Daniels, N., Burke, L., O’Donnell, A., McGovern, O., Kelly, C. & Nic Gabhainn, S. (2015). Piloting questions developed by primary school children for inclusion in the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. National Institute of Health Sciences Bulletin, 7(2), 58. download

Daniels, N., Burke, L., O’Donnell, A., McGovern, O., Molloy, A., Kelly, C. & Nic Gabhainn, S. (2015). Piloting questions developed by post-primary school children for inclusion in the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. National Institute of Health Sciences Bulletin, 7(2), 59. download

Burke, L., D’Eath, M., Young, H., Nic Gabhainn, S. (2014). An exploration of dissemination tools and mechanisms among young people. Children’s Research Digest, 1 (1): 44-45. download 

Kenny, U., Burke, L., Fox, K.A. & Kelly, C. (2014). Their voice: Involving adolescents in developing questions to capture factors influencing body image perceptions in Ireland. Children’s Research Digest, 1 (1): 38-40. download 

Clarke, N., Kelly, C., Molcho, M., & Nic Gabhainn, S. (2012).  HBSC Ireland: Workshop to access young people’s opinions of the findings of the 2010 Health Behaviour of School-aged Children (HBSC) Survey. Short report. Galway: Health Promotion Research Centre. download (113KB)

Doyle, P., Kelly, C., Cummins, G., Sixsmith, J., O’Higgins, S., Molcho, M. & Nic Gabhainn, S. (2010).  Health Behaviour in School-aged Children: What do children want to know? Dublin: Department of Health and Children. download (1.23MB)

 

Presentations:

Kelly, C. & the HBSC Ireland team (2013). Youth Participation: HBSC Ireland. Presented at the International HBSC youth participation meeting. St Andrews, Scotland, April 2013. download (1.35MB)

Clarke, N., Doyle, P., Kelly, C., Cummins, G., Sixsmith, J., O’Higgins, S., Molcho, M. & Nic Gabhainn, S. (2012). What children want to know about health, happiness and emotional wellbeing. Presented at  Changing the System: Overcoming Barriers to Well-Being in Ireland. Galway, June 2012. download (598KB) 

Clarke, N., Kelly, C., Molcho, M. & Nic Gabhainn, S. (2012). Young people’s perspectives on the findings of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Survey 2010. Poster presentation at  16th   Annual Health Promotion Conference: Embracing New Agendas for Health Promotion Action: Developing workforce competencies for effective practice.  Galway, June 2012. download(398KB) 

Clarke, N., Doyle, P., Kelly, C., Cummins, G., Sixsmith, J., O’Higgins, S., Molcho, M. & Nic Gabhainn, S. (2011). Health Behaviour in School-aged Children: What do children want to know? Report presented at the  Annual Scientific Meeting of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Network, Cluj-Napoaca, June 2011. download (640KB) 

Cummins, G., Doyle, P., Kelly, C., Sixsmith, J., Molcho, M. & O’Higgins, S. (2010). Developing a youth friendly HBSC health resource in consultation with children and young people. Presented to the  32nd International School Psychology Association Annual Conference entitled: School psychology - making life better for all children, Trinity College, Dublin, July 2010. download (3.56MB)  

Doyle, P., Kelly, C., Cummins, G., Sixsmith, J., Molcho, M., O’Higgins, S. & Nic Gabhainn, S. (2010). In consultation with young people: the process of producing a youth friendly resource using data from HBSC Ireland. Paper presented to  Researching Young Lives: Power, Representation and the Research Process, Conference of the Institute for the Study of Knowledge in Society, Limerick, April 2010. download (1.27MB) 

Cummins, G., Kelly, C., Doyle, P., Molcho, M., Sixsmith, J. & Nic Gabhainn, S. (2009). The process of producing a youth friendly resource using data from HBSC Ireland 2006. Paper presented to the  13 th  Annual HPRC conference: Closing the Gap in Child and Adolescent Health: the Settings Approach, Galway, June 2009. download (29KB)


References:

Alderson, P. (2001). Research by children. Social Research Methodology, 4, 139-153.

Sinclair, R. (2004). Participation in practice: making it meaningful, effective and sustainable. Children & Society, 18, 106-118.