This research will divide into four subject areas. Firstly, an overview of Ireland’s membership application, which was submitted in 1946 but failed to gain the requisite votes in the Security Council, with the Soviet Union utilizing its veto. Ireland was finally admitted as a member in 1955. Secondly, an examination of Ireland’s position during the drafting of the International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the primary human rights treaties. Thirdly, an investigation of the observation/contribution to the work of the Commission of Human Rights and finally, the Irish governments attempt to engage United Nations involvement in Northern Ireland in 1969.
Ireland applied for membership of the UN in 1946 but Cold War politics, beginning to cement, precluded a successful application, which was rejected along with Portugal’s. Research will examine Irish attitude’s to this failure. Final admission did not take place until 1955 with Frank Aiken as Minister for External Affairs.
The Commission of Human Rights was a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council in the UN organizational structure. With the recent UN reform programme, it has been replaced by the Human Rights Council, an organ of the UN. The Commission’s initial programme of work was standard-setting in the field of human rights, beginning with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, which formed the basis for the primary human rights treaties, the ICCPR and the ICESCR. The Commission’s work progressed to encompass both standing-setting and human rights monitoring. Research will examine Irish observations of these developments.
Ireland initially brought the situation in Northern Ireland to the United Nations but the ability of Britain to successfully invoke Article 2(7) of the Charter of the United Nations, prohibiting intervention by the UN in the domestic affairs of States, precluded amassing the requisite votes for an inscription on the Security Council or the General Assembly agenda or the intervention by UN peacekeeping troops.