Valentina Azarov


Title: Uncovering Unlawful Territorial Regimes: Military Occupation, Territoriality and Self-Determination in International Law

Supervisor: Dr. Shane Darcy

Academic Background

PhD Candidate, International Law, Irish Centre for Human Rights, NUI Galway (2015).

Hague Academy of International Law, Public International Law Session (2009).

Certificate of Transnational Law (under  LLM in International and European Law), University of Geneva, Switzerland (2008).

LLB European Legal Studies (Honours), University of Westminster, London, United Kingdom (2007).

Certificate in Development Economics, Birkbeck College, University of London (2007).

Research Interests Public international law; international humanitarian law; international law of belligerent occupation and administration of foreign territory; international human rights law; business and human rights and corporate responsibility;  the international law enforcement process and third state responsibility; and international refugee law and Palestinian refugees.

Relevent Experience: Valentina is an Associate with The MATTIN Group, a human rights-based consultancy in Palestine and Brussels, working to bring about the enforcement of international law in the context of EU-Israel relations. She is also a lecturer in International Law and Human Rights and was, for four years, Head of the Human Rights Program at the Al-Quds Bard College, Al-Quds University, Palestine.

She was formerly a senior legal researcher with Al-Haq, a Palestinian human rights organisation based in Ramallah, West Bank, that she continues to advise, and a researcher with HaMoked – Center for the Defense of the Individual, who files petitions about Israel’s international law violations to the Israeli Supreme Court. She was involved in asylum and immigration detention casework with Bail for Immigration Detainees (BID) in the UK, and did advocacy on behalf of the International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA) in Nigeria, during the negotiations of the ECOWAS Convention on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons.

Selected Conference Papers, Lectures:

-- “Operationalising Territoriality: Belligerent Occupation, Self-Determination of Peoples and the Duty of Non-Recognition,” The Institute for Global Law and Policy’s 2013 Conference, ‘New Directions in Global Thought: IGLP at Five’, Harvard Law School, 4 June 2013.

-- ‘From Connivance to Rupture: Drones, ‘Targeted Killings’ and Military Doctrines’, Human Rights Project, Bard College, New York, 12 March 2013.

-- ‘Palestinian Activism Through International Law: Statehood, the ICC, and the Gateways of Procedural Tactics,’ Lecture and Panel Discussion, American University in Cairo, 17 February 2013

-- ‘Re-Formalising the Notion of Statehood in International Law: Palestinian Statehood and the Composites of International Legal Personality’, Irish Centre for Human Rights, NUI Galway, 23 April 2012.

-- ‘Palestinian Statehood: Recent Developments’, Panel Discussion with Professor John Dugard, Dov Jacobs, at Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies, Leiden University, 29 March 2012.

-- ’Putting An End to Impunity: The Establishment of a Palestinian Coalition for the International Criminal Court’, in ’News Approaches to the Israel-Palestine Conflict’, London School of Economics, 3-4 November 2011.

-- ’The Role of the International Court of Justice in Achieving Palestine’s Independence’, in ’The Quest for Palestine Statehood: Legal, Political and Economic Implications’, Institute of Law, Birzeit University, 25 October 2011.

-- ’Criminal Venture or ’Business as Usual’? Corporate Accountability for Violations of International Law in the Occupied Palestinian Territory’, Center for Human Rights and Global Justice, New York University Law School, 9 February 2011.


Selected Academic Publications (available on SSRN):

-- ‘From Discretion to Necessity: Protection of Nationals and Israel’s Exclusion Policies through the Population Registry in the West Bank and Gaza Strip’, Journal of Human Rights Practice (forthcoming, 2014).

-- ‘An International Legal Demarche for Human Rights? Prospects and Perils of the Palestinian UN Bid’, International Journal of Human Rights (forthcoming, 2014).

-- ‘Tell It To the Judge: Palestine's UN Bid and the International Criminal Court’, in Mutaz Qafisheh (ed.), Membership of Palestine in the UN: Legal and Political Implications (Cambridge Scholars, 2013).

-- with David Keane, ‘UNESCO, Palestine and the Archaeology of Conflict’, Denver Journal of International Law & Policy, Vol 41 (2013).

-- with Sharon Weill, ‘Israel’s Unwillingness: Follow-Up Investigations to the UN Gaza Conflict Fact-Finding Mission Report’, International Criminal Law Review, Vol 12, No 4 (2012).

-- “’Trickle-Down’ Legality: The Roles of the International Courts in Achieving Palestine’s Independence”, Palestine Yearbook of International Law (2012). 

-- with Mutaz Qafisheh, “Article 1D”, forthcoming in Zimmermann, Andreas (ed.), Commentary on the Refugee Convention 1951 (Oxford University Press, 2010).

-- “Introductory note to the UK House of Lords EM (Lebanon) v Secretary of State of the Home Department judgment”, International Legal Materials, Vol  48, No 1, 2009.

-- with Franz C. Ebert, “The Kadi-Decision of the ECJ – A Pyrrhic Victory of Human Rights at the Costs of International Law?”, Hanse Law Review, Vol 5, No 1, 2009.

-- “Internationalisation and Attribution: The Tadic Analysis in the Genocide in Bosnia Case”, University of Westminster School of Law Research Paper No. 09-11; Westminster Centre of International Law and Theory Working Paper No. 2009/2.

Selected Reports:

-- Institutionalised Impunity: Israel’s Failure to Combat Settler Violence in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (Al-Haq,2013).

-- Under Presumption of Guilt: Fair Trial and Due Process in Israel’s Military Courts in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Internal Report, 2013).

-- Securing Injustice: Legal Analysis of G4S Operations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (Diakonia IHL Programme2013).

-- with Sharon Weill, Shielded from accountability: Israel’s unwillingness to investigate and prosecute international crimes(International Federation of Human Rights (FIDH),2011).

-- Al-Haq’s Questions and Answers on Palestine’s Statehood Initiatives and the Representation of the Palestinian People (Al-Haq, 2011).

-- with Mona Sabella, Collective Punishment in Awarta: Israel’s Response to the Killing in Itamar Settlement(Al-Haq, 2011).

Selected Op-Eds, Policy Briefs:

-- with Nidal Sliman, ‘Can Palestinians Advance their Rights through UNESCO?’, Foreign Policy, 11 November 2013.

-- ‘Making human rights work for the Palestines of the world’, open Democracy, 3 November 2013.

-- with Nidal Sliman, ‘Activating Palestine’s UNESCO Membership’, Al-Shabaka Policy Network, Policy Brief, October 2013.

-- ‘Legal House-Keeping in the EU,’ open Democracy, 31 July 2013.

-- ‘Israel’s loopy logic of exoneration’, open Democracy, 3 May 2013.

-- ‘Shifting Paradigms: Israel, Palestinian Territory and International Law’, JURIST - Forum, 25 July 2012.

-- ‘ICC Jurisdiction in Palestine: Blurring Law and Politics’, JURIST - Forum, 9 April 2012.

-- ‘Exploiting A ‘Dynamic’ Interpretation? The Israeli High Court of Justice Accepts the Legality of Israel’s Quarrying Activities in the Occupied Palestinian Territory’, European Journal of International Law: Talk!, 7 February 2012.

-- ‘Disingenuous “Disengagement”: Israel’s Occupation of the Gaza Strip and the Protective Function of the Law of Belligerent Occupation’, and ‘Operationalising Functionality: Questioning the Term ‘Functional’’, Opinio Juris, 26-29 April 2012.

-- ‘Lost at Sea: The Attack on the Gaza Flotilla and the Siege on the Occupied Gaza Strip’, International Law Observer, 7 June 2010.