Module: Health and Disease II

Module Code: MD 302

Academic Weighting: 15 Credits

Teaching Period: Year 3, Semester 1 (12 weeks)

Contributing Disciplines:Pathology, Bacteriology and Public Health & Health Promotion (PHHP)

Departmental Contributions: Total: 138 teaching hours (49% lectures, and 51% non-didactic sessions)

Lectures: Pathology 63%; Bacteriology 28%; Public Health and Health Promotion 9%

Non-didactic sessions: Pathology 52%; Bacteriology 34%; PHHP 14%

Module Director: Dr. Sanjeev Gupta, Senior Lecturer. sanjeev.gupta@nuigalway.ie

Module coordinator: Ms. Laura Moran, Senior Medical Officer, e-mail laura.moran@nuigalway.ie

 

Learning Content

Students will build on the knowledge of biomedical science and H&D module I in semester 2 year 2 to understand the common disease processes affecting different organ systems and their clinical implications.  They will learn to apply these principles to common clinical problems. Students will also build on their knowledge of the biopsychosocial model of health and disease and its application in the prevention and treatment of common clinical conditions. Students will acquire an understanding of the relevance of epidemiology to the clinical practice of medicine and the functions of public health medicine and health promotion in practice. They will develop an appreciation of the role of the laboratory in clinical practice.

 

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module, the students will be able to explain:

  • Pathobiology and microbiology of diseases affecting central nervous system including the causes and effects of raised intracranial pressure, stroke, head trauma, infection and neurodegenerative diseases;
  • Pathobiology and microbiology of diseases of the gastrointestinal system including infections, inflammatory conditions, common malabsorptive disorders, benign and malignant diseases;
  • Diseases of hepatobiliary system and pancreas including infections, inflammatory disorders, inherited diseases, neoplasms and organ failure;
  • Disease of genitourinary system including infections, immune disorders, vasculitis, stones, neoplasia and organ failure;
  • Haematological disorders including anaemias, haematological malignancy and pathology of the lymph node;
  • Pathobiology of the breast and endocrine system; screening services;
  • Pathobiology and microbiology of the skin and musculoskeletal system
  • The clinical aspects of diseases affecting different systems;
  • Functions of public health medicine, including topics of epidemiology, needs assessment, occupational health related both to individual and population health services.
  • The principles and practical aspects of infection control in the health care setting
  • The principles and practical aspects of the use of antimicrobial agents
  • The principle of prevention, control and management and aetiology of major infectious diseases 

                        

  Module Content

  Lectures

Lecture Topic

Discipline

CNS

 

C.N.S Trauma

Pathology

Stroke

Pathology

Space occupying lesions and I.C.P

Pathology

Neurodegenerative disease

Pathology

Intracranial infection

Bacteriology

 

 

 

 

GIT, Liver and Biliary system

 

Oesophagitis/reflux/Gastritis/P.U.D

Pathology

Tumours of Oesophagus and Stomach

Pathology

Malabsorption and coeliac disease

Pathology

Chronic Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Pathology

Large bowel polyps/carcinoma/diverticular disease

Pathology

Cirrhosis/Portal Hypertension/Tumours/Liver failure

Pathology

Liver disease I (non-alcohol related disease)

Pathology

Liver disease II (alcohol related disease)

Pathology

Gallbladder  and pancreas

Pathology 

Intra-abdominal infection

Bacteriology

Anti microbial agents: clinical                    

Bacteriology

Antimicrobial agents: mechanical

Bacteriology

 

 

 

 

Renal and male genitourinary

 

Glomerulonephritis I

Pathology  

Glomerulonephritis II

Pathology

Acid / Base balance

Pathology (Clinical Biochemistry)

Sodium and potassium metabolism

Pathology (Clinical Biochemistry

Vasculitis

Pathology (Immunology)

Device related infection

Bacteriology

Pyelonephritis/obstruction/renal failure

Pathology

Urinary Tract Infection

Bacteriology

HIV & STI

PPHP

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Bacteriology

Tumours of Kidney and Urothelial tract

Pathology

Prostate (BPH/Carcinoma)

Pathology

Testis

Pathology

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Perinatal, Gynaecology and Breast

 

Intrauterine and perinatal infection

Bacteriology

Cervix and uterus

Pathology

Screening: breast

Pathology

Breast Pathology

Pathology

Screening

PPHP

 

 

Haematopathology

 

Anaemia I

Pathology (Haematology)

Anaemia II

Pathology (Haematology)

General aspects of haematological malignancy

Pathology (Haematology)

Acute leukaemias

Pathology (Haematology)

Chronic leukaemias

Pathology (Haematology)

Myeloma

Pathology (Haematology)

Reactive adenopathy/lymphoma

Pathology (Haematology)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Endocrine and Autoimmune system                                                                  

 

 

Thyroid  

Pathology

Adrenal and parathyroid                                              

Pathology

Calcium and Phosphate metabolism

Pathology (Clinical Biochemistry)  

Systemic autoimmune disease

Pathology (Immunology)

 

 

 

Skin, Bone and Soft Tissue

 

Skin

Pathology

Infection of bone joint and eye

Bacteriology

Arthritis and inflammatory joint disease

Pathology (Immunology)

Health care acquired infection

Bacteriology

Skin and soft tissue infection

Bacteriology

 

 

Miscellaneous

 

Healthcare services

PPHP

Mental health, substance misuse

PPHP

Cold sores, shingles and related viruses

Bacteriology

Fungal Infection

Bacteriology

Health care acquired infection

Bacteriology

Antimicrobial agents – mechanisms of action and resistance

Bacteriology

Antimicrobial agents – stewardship and clinical use

Bacteriology

Immune deficiency

Bacteriology

 

 

 

 

Forensic Medicine

 

Introduction to Forensic Pathology         

Pathology

Signs of death                                          

Pathology

Death certification/cause of death 

Pathology

Unnatural cause of death                     

Pathology

Coroner’s act/role of autopsy

Pathology

Wounds and injuries                             

Pathology

Identification of the dead                     

Pathology

Child abuse and S.I.D.S   

PHHP

Poisons     

Pathology

 

 

 

Non-didactic teaching including tutorials

8 sessions held per week.Topics reflect lecture content

 

Educational Materials Required

Textbooks

Basic

  • Robbins Basic Pathology

            Kumar V., Cotran R.S, Robbins S.

            Seventh Edition

  • General and Systemic Pathology

            Underwood J.C.E.

                        Fourth Edition

  • Immunology

                        Janeway – Travers

                        Third edition, 1997

  • Wheaters Basic Pathology

                        Burkitt H.G., Stevens A., Lowe J.S.,

                        Young B.

                        Third Edition

  • Department of Bacteriology Handbook

  

Advanced

  • Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease

                        Kumar V., Abbas AK, Fausto N.

                        Seventh Edition 

Module Assessment:

1st sitting: Continuous assessment   1 x 2 hour computer based MCQ (25%)

                   End of module                2 x 2 hour computer based MCQs (75%)

 

2nd sitting: Autumn   2 x 2 hour computer based MCQs (100%)

Attendance is monitored during all types of teaching. Students with < 70% attendance may not be permitted to take the exam.