Dr Kathleen Cavanaugh

PhD, LLM

Contact Details

Lecturer Bar/College Lecturer
Irish Centre for Human Rights
NUI Galway

T: Ext. 3799
E: kathleen.cavanaugh@nuigalway.ie
 
researcher

Biography

Kathleen Cavanaugh is currently a Lecturer of International Law in the Faculty of Law, Irish Centre for Human Rights (ICHR), National University of Ireland, Galway.  She holds a PhD in Comparative Politics from the London School of Economics & Political Science (1997) and a LL.M (Distinction) from the Queen’s University of Belfast, Northern Ireland (1998). She has held several Visiting Lectureships/Fellowships at: the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford (2006-7); the EIUC Centro Interuniversitario Europeo per i Diritti Umani e la Democratizzazione (2002-to date) and at the University of Notre Dame (Indiana USA, 2012).   Her work lies at the intersection of politics and law in the field of socio-legal studies.  The point of departure for her work is that law must be read within the political, economic and culture of society. It is an approach that straddles two distinct disciplines-politics and law-and is underpin by the hope that her work, as well as that of others in the Law & Society field, can begin to open up new ways of understanding how to read and interpret the law.Her areas of expertise include: the study of nationalism, ethnic conflict, political violence, applicable human rights laws in entrenched/states of emergency, narratives on Islamic and international law, freedom of religion and militant democracy.  Recent publications include Minority Rights in the Middle East (OUP, 2013) which includes case studies on Iraq, Syria and Lebanon and “Narrating Law” in Emon, Ellis and Glahn (eds.) Islamic Law and International Human Rights Law (OUP 2012). In 2013, she was awarded a two year Leverhulme/British Academy of Sciences grant to undertake field work on Militant Democracy. The project legally audited pre-emptive security measures in Turkey and how this empirically has played in the post 2002 AKP election. For over 20 years, she has worked with international and local based human rights NGOs including Amnesty International, CAJ, ACLU and various UN bodies. Membership of professional (and relevant) bodies include: Member of the Board of Directors of Amnesty International (USA) (2012-2015); former Chair of the Executive Committee of Amnesty International (Ireland) until 2011, member of the International Policy Committee of Amnesty International, member of ACLU, and consultant to a number of UN bodies (including POGAR, and UNDP).  As a consultant, she has undertaken missions for Amnesty International to Northern Ireland, Israel/Palestine and Iraq.  She has also conducted trainings for governmental as well as non-governmental organisations throughout the Middle East (Yemen, Jordan, Egypt, Morocco, Syria, Israel/Occupied Territories, Lebanon, Iran and Sudan), India, and the Republic of Ireland.

Selected Publications
 

1.    
Minority Rights in the Middle East, Oxford University Press, April 2013. (with Joshua Castellino) 
2.   “Narrating Law”, in  Anver Amon, Mark Ellis and Benjamin Glahn, eds, Islamic Law and International 
       Human Rights Law, Oxford University Press, 2012. 
3.    "Speaking Law to War" Journal of Conflict and Security Law, 17(1): 3-24. Oxford, 2012.
4.    ‘Islam and the European Project’, Muslim World Journal of Human Rights, Volume 4, Issue 1, 2007.




 
 
 
 

Research Interests

  1. International Law (Human Rights and Humanitarian)
  2. Islamic International Law
  3. Political Violence
  4. Religion in the Public Space
  5. Comparative Politics
  6. Nationalism and National Identity
  7. Conflict Studies
  8. Western European Politics
  9. Regional focus: Europe [esp. Cyprus, UK, Ireland, Spain], Middle East [esp. Iran, Israel/OTs, Iraq, Syria, Turkey]

Research Projects

  Project Start Date End Date
POST 2011 MOROCCO KATHLEEN CAVANAGH 01-OCT-14 30-SEP-18
KATHLEEN CAVANAUGH RSF STRAT INI MILLITANT DEMOCRACY PROJECT 005713 01-APR-11 31-DEC-13
MF2002 MF25 02 M ISRAELI GOV POLICIES CAVANAUGH 15-OCT-02 29-NOV-04

Peer Reviewed Journals

  Year Publication
(2016) 'Rethinking What is Necessary in a Democratic Society: Militant Democracy and the Turkish State'
Cavanaugh, Kathleen (2016) 'Rethinking What is Necessary in a Democratic Society: Militant Democracy and the Turkish State'. Human Rights Quarterly, 38 [Details]
(2016) 'Unspoken Truths: Accessing Rights for Victims of Extraordinary Rendition'
Cavanaugh, Kathleen (2016) 'Unspoken Truths: Accessing Rights for Victims of Extraordinary Rendition'. Columbia Human Rights Law Review, [Details]
(2015) 'A Democratic Opening? The AKP and the Kurdish Left'
Cavanaugh, Kathleen; Hughes, E (2015) 'A Democratic Opening? The AKP and the Kurdish Left'. Muslim World Journal Of Human Rights, [Details]
(2015) 'Moralizing States'
Cavanaugh, Kathleen (2015) 'Moralizing States'. Cardozo Journal of International and Comparative Law, 24 :54-60 [Details]
(2013) 'The Role of Law in the Minority Discourse in the Middle East'
Kathleen Cavanaugh and Joshua Castellino (2013) 'The Role of Law in the Minority Discourse in the Middle East'. European Yearbook of Minority Issues, 10 :5-20 [Details]
(2012) 'Speaking Law to War'
Kathleen Cavanaugh (2012) 'Speaking Law to War'. Journal Of Conflict And Security Law, 17 (1):3-24 [DOI] [Details]
(2007) 'Islam and the European Project'
Cavanaugh, K. (2007) 'Islam and the European Project'. Muslim World Journal of Human Rights, 4 (1) [Details]
(2007) 'The Israeli Military Court System in the West Bank and Gaza'
Cavanaugh, K. (2007) 'The Israeli Military Court System in the West Bank and Gaza'. Journal of Conflict and Security Law, 12 (1) [Details]
(2006) 'Policing the Margins: Rights Protection in the European Court of Human Rights'
Cavanaugh, K. (2006) 'Policing the Margins: Rights Protection in the European Court of Human Rights'. European Human Rights Law Review, [Details]
(2003) 'Selective Justice: the Case of Israel and the Occupied Territories'
Cavanaugh, K. (2003) 'Selective Justice: the Case of Israel and the Occupied Territories'. Fordham International Law Journal, [Details]
(2002) 'Emergency rule, normalcy Exception: The erosion of the right to silence in the United Kingdom'
Cavanaugh, KA (2002) 'Emergency rule, normalcy Exception: The erosion of the right to silence in the United Kingdom'. Cornell International Law Journal, 35 :491-513 [Details]
(1999) 'Self-determination and minority rights in Northern Ireland: The limits of ‘Constructive Ambiguity’'
Cavanaugh, K. (1999) 'Self-determination and minority rights in Northern Ireland: The limits of ‘Constructive Ambiguity’'. Fordham International Law Journal, [Details]
(1997) 'Interpretations of Political Violence in Ethnically Divided Societies'
Cavanaugh, K. (1997) 'Interpretations of Political Violence in Ethnically Divided Societies'. Journal of Terrorism and Political Violence, 9 (3) [Details]

Books

  Year Publication
(2013) MINORITY RIGHTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST: A COMPARATIVE LEGAL ANALYSIS.
Kathleen Cavanaugh & Joshua Castellino (2013) MINORITY RIGHTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST: A COMPARATIVE LEGAL ANALYSIS. Oxford UK: Oxford University Press. [Details]

Book Chapters

  Year Publication
(2016) 'The Politics of Sectarianism and its Reflection in Questions of International Law & State Formation in The Middle East'
Cavanaugh, Kathleen; Castellino, Joshua (2016) 'The Politics of Sectarianism and its Reflection in Questions of International Law & State Formation in The Middle East' In: Arcs of Global Justice: Essays in Honor of William A. Schabas. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [Details]
(2016) 'The Architecture of Exclusion'
Cavanaugh, Kathleen (2016) 'The Architecture of Exclusion' In: Routledge Handbook of Human Rights in Asia. Oxford: Routledge. [Details]
(2016) 'Narrating Law: Israel and the Occupied Territories'
Cavanaugh, Kathleen (2016) 'Narrating Law: Israel and the Occupied Territories' In: Handbook on Human Rights and the Middle East. New York (USA): Routledge. [Details]
(2014) 'Transformations in the Middle East: The Importance of the Minority Question'
Cavanaugh, Kathleen and Joshua Castellino (2014) 'Transformations in the Middle East: The Importance of the Minority Question' In: Multiculturalism and Minority Rights in the Arab World. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. [Details]
(2012) 'Narrating Law'
Kathleen Cavanaugh (2012) 'Narrating Law' In: Islamic Law and International Human Rights Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [Details]
(2008) '“Irlanda del Norte: Reconsideracion de un Metaconflicto” - Northern Ireland: A Metaconflict Revisted'
Cavanaugh, K. (2008) '“Irlanda del Norte: Reconsideracion de un Metaconflicto” - Northern Ireland: A Metaconflict Revisted' In: Memorias del Seminario de Terrorismo y Derechos Humanos, Universidad Iberoamericana. Mexico. [Details]
(2007) 'Tribunaux militaries et le cas d'Israël'
Cavanaugh, K. (2007) 'Tribunaux militaries et le cas d'Israël' In: Tribunaux militaires et juridictions d'exception: perspectives comparées et internationals, ed. de l'AUF, Coll.Actualités francophones. [Details]
(2007) 'Regulating Diversity: Religious Pluralism in a European Context'
Cavanaugh, K. (2007) 'Regulating Diversity: Religious Pluralism in a European Context' In: Religious Pluralism in Democratic Societies: Challenges and Prospects for Southeast Asia, Europe, and the United States in the New Millennium, Konrad Adenauer Foundation (KAF) and Malaysian Association for American Studies (MAAS). [Details]
(2005) 'Right to Peace'
Cavanaugh, K. (2005) 'Right to Peace' In: The Essential Guide to Human Rights Hodder. [Details]
(2005) 'Rewriting Law: the Case of Israel and the Occupied Territories'
Cavanaugh, K. (2005) 'Rewriting Law: the Case of Israel and the Occupied Territories' In: New Laws, New Wars? Applying the Law of War to the War Against Terrorism. Transnational Publishers. [Details]
(2002) 'Interpretations of Political Violence in Ethnically Divided Societies'
Cavanaugh, K. (2002) 'Interpretations of Political Violence in Ethnically Divided Societies' In: Terrorism and Political Violence. Ashgate Publications. [Details]
(2000) 'Understanding Protracted Social Conflict: A Basic Needs Approach'
Kathleen Cavanaugh (2000) 'Understanding Protracted Social Conflict: A Basic Needs Approach' In: Reconcilable Differences: Turning Points in Ethnopolitical Conflict. Bloomfield, CT, USA: Kumarian Press, Inc. [Details]
(1997) 'Conservative Government Policy in Northern Ireland, 1979-1997: An Audit Conservative Government in Britain 1979-97'
Cavanaugh, K. (1997) 'Conservative Government Policy in Northern Ireland, 1979-1997: An Audit Conservative Government in Britain 1979-97' In: New York, Center for European Studies, New York University. [Details]

Conference Publications

  Year Publication
(2009) Perspectives on International Humanitarian Law between Universalism and Cultural legitimacy
Cavanaugh, Kathleen (2009) International Humanitarian Law: The Universality versus Cultural Relativity Debate . In: Olivier Ribbelink eds. Perspectives on International Humanitarian Law between Universalism and Cultural legitimacy The Hague, Vredespaleis/Peace Palace, [Details]
(2006) Explicar la Ley al Poder: El discurso de los derechos humanos en las nuevas guerras
Cavanaugh, Kathleen (2006) Explicar la Ley al Poder: el discurso de los derechos humanos en las nuevas guerras Explicar la Ley al Poder: El discurso de los derechos humanos en las nuevas guerras Mexico, , pp.6-10 [Details]

Published Reports

  Year Publication
(2003) International Standards Concerning Victims.
Kathleen Cavanaugh (2003) International Standards Concerning Victims. Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission, Belfast. [Details]
(2002) Israel and the Occupied Territories: Shielded from scrutiny: IDF violations in Jenin and Nablus.
Kathleen Cavanaugh (2002) Israel and the Occupied Territories: Shielded from scrutiny: IDF violations in Jenin and Nablus. Amnesty International, London. [Details]
(1999) UK/Northern Ireland: Submission by Amnesty International to the Criminal Justice Review.
Kathleen Cavanaugh (1999) UK/Northern Ireland: Submission by Amnesty International to the Criminal Justice Review. Amnesty International, London. [Details]
(1998) United Kingdom: Submission by Amnesty International to the Independent Commission on Policing for Northern Ireland.
Kathleen Cavanaugh (1998) United Kingdom: Submission by Amnesty International to the Independent Commission on Policing for Northern Ireland. Amnesty International, London. [Details]

Other Journals

  Year Publication
(2014) '‘Sectarian Entrepreneurs: How the U.S. Broke Iraq'
Cavanaugh, Kathleen (2014) '‘Sectarian Entrepreneurs: How the U.S. Broke Iraq' Dissent, . [Details]
(2014) 'Did the U.S. Really Break Iraq? Response to Michael Walzer'
Cavanaugh, Kathleen (2014) 'Did the U.S. Really Break Iraq? Response to Michael Walzer' Dissent, . [Details]
(2013) 'The Rootedness of Inequality'
Cavanaugh, Kathleen (2013) 'The Rootedness of Inequality' e-International Relations, . [Details]
(2002) 'Grave Breaches: A View from Jenin and Nablus. Middle East Research & Information Project MERIP'
Cavanaugh, K.; Dakwar, J (2002) 'Grave Breaches: A View from Jenin and Nablus. Middle East Research & Information Project MERIP' Middle East Report, 32 (223) . [Details]
(1999) 'The Cost of Peace: The Israeli-Palestinian Peace Accords. Middle East Research & Information Project (MERIP)'
Cavanaugh, K. (1999) 'The Cost of Peace: The Israeli-Palestinian Peace Accords. Middle East Research & Information Project (MERIP)' Middle East Report, 29 (211) . [Details]

Conference Contributions

  Year Publication
(2016) Pluralism and Community in the Middle East,
Cavanaugh, Kathleen (2016) Governance and Legal Regimes in the Middle Eastern Plural Society. [Invited Lecture], Pluralism and Community in the Middle East, Doha, Qatar , 05-MAR-16 - 08-FEB-16. [Details]
(2014) Dealing with the Past: Narrating Truth in Northern Ireland,
Cavanaugh, Kathleen (2014) UW Law School, the UW Law, Societies & Justice Program; University of Washington. [Invited Lecture], Dealing with the Past: Narrating Truth in Northern Ireland, University of Washington , 31-MAR-14 - 31-MAR-14. [Details]
(2013) Law & Society,
Kathleen Cavanaugh (2013) Militant Democracy in Turkey. [Conference Paper], Law & Society, Boston Mass , 30-MAY-13 - 02-JUN-13. [Details]
(2012) Johns Hopkins University and Beirut Arab University initiative on “Harmonization of the Law: the Hague Conference, Unidroit and UNCITRAL,
Kathleen Cavanaugh (2012) The Politics of Law. [Invited Paper], Johns Hopkins University and Beirut Arab University initiative on “Harmonization of the Law: the Hague Conference, Unidroit and UNCITRAL, Beirut Lebanon , 10-SEP-12 - 13-SEP-12. [Details]
(2012) International Committee on the Red Cross and the NAM Center for Human Rights and Cultural Diversity,
Kathleen Cavanaugh (2012) Constructing the Other. [Keynote Address], International Committee on the Red Cross and the NAM Center for Human Rights and Cultural Diversity, Tehran Iran , 22-NOV-12 - 26-NOV-12. [Details]
(2011) Salzburg Global Seminar,
Kathleen Cavanaugh (2011) A Common Ground?: International law and Islamic Legal Traditions. [Invited Paper], Salzburg Global Seminar, Salzburg Austria , 14-NOV-11 - 19-NOV-11. [Details]
(2011) A Common Ground?: International law and Islamic Legal Traditions,
Kathleen Cavanaugh (2011) Narrating Law. [Invited Paper], A Common Ground?: International law and Islamic Legal Traditions, Center of Theological Inquiry, Princeton, Princeton, NJ , 22-MAY-11 - 23-MAY-11. [Details]
(2010) Palestine and International Law, New Approaches,
Kathleen Cavanaugh (2010) International Law is Indeed in Trouble’. [Invited Paper], Palestine and International Law, New Approaches, Birzeit University in Ramallah Palestine , 23-SEP-10 - 26-SEP-10. [Details]
(2010) Gates Public Service Law Speaker Series,
Kathleen Cavanaugh (2010) Islam and the Democratic Project. [Keynote Address], Gates Public Service Law Speaker Series, University of Washington at Seattle (USA) , 21-OCT-10 - 21-OCT-10. [Details]

Blog

  Year Publication
(2013) Moralizing States: Intervening in Syria.
Cavanaugh, Kathleen (2013) Moralizing States: Intervening in Syria. Oxford: Blog [Details]
(2013) Yesterday I Lost a Country.
Cavanaugh, Kathleen (2013) Yesterday I Lost a Country. Oxford: Blog [Details]

Encyclopedia Entry

  Year Publication
(2008) Richard Goldstone. Encyclopedia of Human Rights.
Cavanaugh, K. (2008) Richard Goldstone. Encyclopedia of Human Rights. Encyclopedia Entry [Details]
(2005) Nongovernmental Organizations. Encyclopaedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity.
Cavanaugh, K. (2005) Nongovernmental Organizations. Encyclopaedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity. Encyclopedia Entry [Details]
(1995) Freedom in the World 1994-1995. Freedom in the World 1993-1994.
Cavanaugh, K. (1995) Freedom in the World 1994-1995. Freedom in the World 1993-1994. Encyclopedia Entry [Details]

Non Published Reports

  Year Publication
(2003) Iraq: The Need for Security. Amnesty International.
Cavanaugh, K. (2003) Iraq: The Need for Security. Amnesty International. Non Published Reports [Details]
(2003) Iraq: Memorandum on concerns related to legislation introduced by the Coalition Provisional Authority. Amnesty International.
Cavanaugh, K. (2003) Iraq: Memorandum on concerns related to legislation introduced by the Coalition Provisional Authority. Amnesty International. Non Published Reports [Details]
(2003) Iraq: Memorandum on concerns relating to law and order. Amnesty International.
Cavanaugh, K. (2003) Iraq: Memorandum on concerns relating to law and order. Amnesty International. Non Published Reports [Details]
(2003) International Standards Concerning Victims Human Rights and Victims of Violence’. Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission.
Cavanaugh, K. (2003) International Standards Concerning Victims Human Rights and Victims of Violence’. Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission. Non Published Reports [Details]
(2002) Israel and the Occupied Territories: Shielded from scrutiny: IDF violations in Jenin and Nablus’. Amnesty International.
Cavanaugh, K. (2002) Israel and the Occupied Territories: Shielded from scrutiny: IDF violations in Jenin and Nablus’. Amnesty International. Non Published Reports [Details]
(2001) Justice in Transition. Submitted to the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission, (part of Bill of Rights’ initiative in Northern Ireland).
Cavanaugh, K. (2001) Justice in Transition. Submitted to the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission, (part of Bill of Rights’ initiative in Northern Ireland). Non Published Reports [Details]
(1999) UK/Northern Ireland: Submission by Amnesty International to the Criminal Justice Review. Submission by Amnesty International to the Criminal Justice Review.
Cavanaugh, K. (1999) UK/Northern Ireland: Submission by Amnesty International to the Criminal Justice Review. Submission by Amnesty International to the Criminal Justice Review. Non Published Reports [Details]
(1998) United Kingdom: Submission by Amnesty International to the Independent Commission on Policing for Northern Ireland. Amnesty International.
Cavanaugh, K. (1998) United Kingdom: Submission by Amnesty International to the Independent Commission on Policing for Northern Ireland. Amnesty International. Non Published Reports [Details]
(1995) UK compliance with International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in Northern Ireland. Submittal to the United Nations Human Rights Committee, by the Committee for the Administration of Justice, Belfast Northern Ireland.
Cavanaugh, K. (1995) UK compliance with International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in Northern Ireland. Submittal to the United Nations Human Rights Committee, by the Committee for the Administration of Justice, Belfast Northern Ireland. Non Published Reports [Details]

Research Paper

  Year Publication
(2004) ‘The application of International Humanitarian Law during Occupation’ . Amnesty International (International Secretariat).
Cavanaugh, K. (2004) ‘The application of International Humanitarian Law during Occupation’ . Amnesty International (International Secretariat). Research Paper [Details]
(2004) Briefing Papers, ‘AI Policy Development on Reproductive Rights’ and ‘Developing Amnesty Policy on Reproductive Rights. Amnesty International (Ireland).
Cavanaugh, K. (2004) Briefing Papers, ‘AI Policy Development on Reproductive Rights’ and ‘Developing Amnesty Policy on Reproductive Rights. Amnesty International (Ireland). Research Paper [Details]

Professional Associations

  Association Function From / To
American Political Science Association Member 01-SEP-01 / 28-OCT-13
American Society of International Law Member 01-JAN-01 / 28-OCT-13
International Studies Association (ISA) member 01-OCT-14 / 01-OCT-15
Law & Society Association Member 01-MAY-08 /
European Cooperation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research Member 01-JAN-01 / 28-OCT-13
Al-Haq Steering Commitee 01-JAN-04 / 28-OCT-13

Committees

  Committee Function From / To
International Secretariat, International Executive Committee (Human Rights Policy) Member 01-JAN-05 / 01-JAN-07

Employment

  Employer Position From / To
Queen’s University of Belfast, Belfast, U.K. Lecturer, Department of Politics 01-JAN-97 / 01-JAN-98
National University of Ireland, Galway Lecturer of Human Rights Law, Faculty of Law, Irish Centre for Human Rights 01-JAN-00 / 04-NOV-13
National University of Ireland, Dublin Lecturer, Department of Politics 01-JAN-99 / 01-JAN-00

Education

  Year Institution Qualification Subject
1998 Queens University of Belfast Master of Law International Law
1997 London School of Economics & Political Science PhD Government

Languages

  Language
French

Community Engagement

  Title Type From / To
Board Membership Amnesty International (Ireland) 01-JAN-03 / 01-APR-10
Board Membership Amnesty International USA 01-JUL-12 / 01-JUL-14

Reviews

  Journal Role
Journal Of Human Rights Practice Reviewer
Human Rights & Human Welfare Reviewer
Israel Law Review Reviewer
Law & Society Review Reviewer
Third World Quarterly Reviewer
Cambridge Journal Of International And Comparative Law Reviewer
International Law Research Editoral Board
International Studies Quarterly Reviewer

Teaching Interests

International Law (Human Rights and Humanitarian); Islamic International Law; Political Violence; Religion in the Public Space; Militant Democracy; Comparative Politics; Nationalism and National Identity; Conflict Studies; Western European Politics; Regional focus: Europe [esp. Cyprus, UK, Ireland, Spain], Middle East [esp. Iran, Israel/OTs, Iraq, Syria], Turkey.

Recent Postgraduate Students

  Graduation Name Degree Primary Supervisor
2014 Aoife Duffy PhD Y
2016 Alexis Bushnell PhD Y
2006 Kearney, M. PhD Y
2013 Aisling O'Sullivan PhD Y
2012 Farrell, M. PhD Y
2012 Brian Farrell PhD Y
2014 John Reynolds PhD Y
2009 Hughes, E. PhD Y

Current Postgraduate Students (Research)

  Student Degree Type Type
Hadeel Abu Hussein Doctorate - Ph.D. In Law Supervisor
Andrew Forde Doctorate - Ph.D. In Law Supervisor
Alexis Bushnell Doctorate - Ph.D. In Law Supervisor
Silvia Gagliardi Doctorate - Structured Ph.D. in the College of Business, Law & Public Policy Supervisor
Leonard Taylor Doctorate - Structured Ph.D. in the College of Business, Law & Public Policy Supervisor
Bethany Al-Haidari Doctorate - Ph.D. In Law Supervisor

Modules Taught

  Term/Year Module Title Module Code Subject / Desc
Term 1/2015 International Human Rights Law LW451 Human Rights Law
Term 2/2015 Conflict and Post Conflict: Law into Politics LW470 Human Rights Law
Term 2/2015 The Law on the European Convention of Human Rights LW466
Term 2/2015 Dissertation LW450