Aoife Boyd

Senior Lecturer PhD BA

Contact Details

Senior Lecturer
Microbiology
Room 207
Department of Microbiology
Arts/Science Building
NUI Galway

T: 353-(0)91-492404
E: Aoife.Boyd@nuigalway.ie
 
researcher

Biography


Senior Lecturer in Microbiology

Director of MSc Biotechnology Programme http://www.nuigalway.ie/courses/taught-postgraduate-courses/biotechnology.html

Director of Pathogenic Mechanisms Group


Research Interests:

Host-pathogen interactions

Toxins and Effectors of Type III Secretion Systems

Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Identification and characterisation of bacterial adhesins and invasins

Disruption of the intestinal barrier function by gastrointestinal pathogens

Manipulation of eukaryotic cell signalling pathways and cell activities by bacterial effector proteins

The Pathogenic Mechanisms group

The Pathogenic Mechanisms group characterises the molecular mechanisms deployed by bacteria in order to colonise, survive and multiply during infection. By identifying and characterising the mechanisms that a bacterium uses to ensure its survival and persistence in a human or animal, these molecular activities can then be targeted for the development of antimicrobials and therapeutics.

The Pathogenic Mechanisms group utilises molecular techniques and facilities to investigate the relationships between bacteria and the cells of humans and animals. The balance of bacterial pathogenic mechanisms versus the host immune resistance mechanisms determines whether the bacteria will be killed and eliminated from the host or whether the bacteria will survive in the host and multiply. Bacteria have evolved a myriad of ways by which they can tip the balance in their favour.

Several bacterial pathogens use Type III Secretion Systems (TTSS) to modulate host cell behaviour. TTSS directly channel effector proteins from bacteria into eukaryotic cells, where they cause dysfunctional regulation of  eukaryotic cell signalling proteins and sabotage the normal processes of the cell, thereby enhancing the ability of the bacteria to colonise the host. For example, cytokine and chemokine production may be altered, epithelial barrier functions may be  perturbed, or bactericidal mechanisms may be inhibited.      

Our primary research focus is the TTSS of Vibrio parahaemolyticus which  causes gastroenteritis after eating contaminated shellfish. V. parahaemolyticus has a severe detrimental economic impact on aquaculture, as well as being detrimental to human health. Our goal is to understand  the molecular basis for the  importance of TTSS in the pathogenicity of Vibrio species. 

  • Investigating the effect of TTSS on host cell behaviour and how this facilitates bacterial survival
  • Identifying and characterising the adhesins  that attach  the bacteria onto host cells to facilitate colonisation and deployment of the TTSS
  • Studying the TTSS effectors and the eukaryotic proteins that they target in order to elucidate their mechanism of action

As well as increasing understanding of Vibrio pathogenesis, this research promotes a broader knowledge of TTSS and host manipulation by pathogenic organisms. It has the potential to lead to the development of the effector toxins as tools for cell biology research. Furthermore it could lead to the identification of candidate targets as diagnostic markers and for preventive and therapeutic antimicrobial strategies, thereby improving food safety and human health.

Peer Reviewed Journals

  Year Publication
(2014) 'Translocation of Vibrio parahaemolyticus across an in vitro M cell model'
Finn, R,Ahmad, T,Coffey, ET,Brayden, DJ,Baird, AW,Boyd, A (2014) 'Translocation of Vibrio parahaemolyticus across an in vitro M cell model'. Fems Microbiology Letters, 350 :65-71 [DOI] [Details]
(2014) 'Manipulation of intestinal epithelial cell function by the cell contact-dependent type III secretion systems of Vibrio parahaemolyticus'
O'Boyle, N,Boyd, A (2014) 'Manipulation of intestinal epithelial cell function by the cell contact-dependent type III secretion systems of Vibrio parahaemolyticus'. Frontiers In Cellular And Infection Microbiology, 3 [DOI] [Details]
(2013) 'The MSHA pilus of Vibrio parahaemolyticus has lectin functionality and enables TTSS-mediated pathogenicity'
O'Boyle, N,Houeix, B,Kilcoyne, M,Joshi, L,Boyd, A (2013) 'The MSHA pilus of Vibrio parahaemolyticus has lectin functionality and enables TTSS-mediated pathogenicity'. International Journal Of Medical Microbiology, 303 :563-573 [DOI] [Details]
(2012) 'The Vibrio parahaemolyticus ToxRS Regulator Is Required for Stress Tolerance and Colonization in a Novel Orogastric Streptomycin-Induced Adult Murine Model'
Whitaker, WB,Parent, MA,Boyd, A,Richards, GP,Boyd, EF (2012) 'The Vibrio parahaemolyticus ToxRS Regulator Is Required for Stress Tolerance and Colonization in a Novel Orogastric Streptomycin-Induced Adult Murine Model'. Infection And Immunity, 80 :1834-1845 [DOI] [ARAN Link] [Details]
(2010) 'The Vibrio parahaemolyticus Type III Secretion Systems manipulate host cell MAPK for critical steps in pathogenesis'
Matlawska-Wasowska, K,Finn, R,Mustel, A,O'Byrne, CP,Baird, AW,Coffey, ET,Boyd, A (2010) 'The Vibrio parahaemolyticus Type III Secretion Systems manipulate host cell MAPK for critical steps in pathogenesis'. BMC Microbiology, 10 [DOI] [Details]
(2008) 'Identification of Components of the Sigma B Regulon in Listeria monocytogenes That Contribute to Acid and Salt Tolerance'
Abram, F,Starr, E,Karatzas, KAG,Matlawska-Wasowska, K,Boyd, A,Wiedmann, M,Boor, KJ,Connally, D,O'Byrne, CP (2008) 'Identification of Components of the Sigma B Regulon in Listeria monocytogenes That Contribute to Acid and Salt Tolerance'. Applied And Environmental Microbiology, 74 :6848-6858 [DOI] [ARAN Link] [Details]
(2008) 'Bordetella pertussis expresses a functional type III secretion system that subverts protective innate and adaptive immune responses'
Fennelly, NK,Sisti, F,Higgins, SC,Ross, PJ,van der Heide, H,Mooi, FR,Boyd, A,Mills, KHG (2008) 'Bordetella pertussis expresses a functional type III secretion system that subverts protective innate and adaptive immune responses'. Infection And Immunity, 76 :1257-1266 [DOI] [ARAN Link] [Details]
(2005) 'Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase toxin modulates innate and adaptive immune responses: distinct roles for acylation and enzymatic activity in immunomodulation and cell death'
Boyd A, PJ Ross, H Conroy, N Mahon, E Lavelle and KH Mills. (2005) 'Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase toxin modulates innate and adaptive immune responses: distinct roles for acylation and enzymatic activity in immunomodulation and cell death'. Journal of Immunology, 175 :730-838 [Details]
(2004) 'Adenylate cyclase toxin from Bordetella pertussis synergizes with lipopolysaccharide to promote innate interleukin-10 production and enhances the induction of Th2 and regulatory T cells'
Ross PJ, EC Lavelle, KH Mills and A Boyd. (2004) 'Adenylate cyclase toxin from Bordetella pertussis synergizes with lipopolysaccharide to promote innate interleukin-10 production and enhances the induction of Th2 and regulatory T cells'. Infection and Immunity, 72 :1568-1579 [ARAN Link] [Details]
(2002) 'Identification of in vivo expressed vaccine candidate antigens from Staphylococcus aureus'
Etz H, DB Minh, T Henics, A Dryla, B Winkler, C Triska, A Boyd, J Söllner, W Schmidt, U von Ahsen, M Buschle, SR Gill, J Kolonay, H Khalak, CM Fraser, A von Gabain, E Nagy and A Meinke. (2002) 'Identification of in vivo expressed vaccine candidate antigens from Staphylococcus aureus'. PNAS, 99 :6573-6578 [Details]
(2002) 'Selection of peptide entry motifs by bacterial surface display: application to a genomic library of Staphylococcus aureus'
Taschner S, A Meinke, A von Gabain and A Boyd. (2002) 'Selection of peptide entry motifs by bacterial surface display: application to a genomic library of Staphylococcus aureus'. Biochemistry Journal, :367-393 [Details]
(2000) 'Competition between the Yops of Yersinia enterocolitica for delivery into eukaryotic cells: Role of the SycE chaperone binding domain of YopE'
Boyd A, I Lambermont and GR Cornelis. (2000) 'Competition between the Yops of Yersinia enterocolitica for delivery into eukaryotic cells: Role of the SycE chaperone binding domain of YopE'. Journal of Bacteriology, 182 :4811-4821 [ARAN Link] [Details]
(2000) 'YscP, a Yersinia protein required for Yop secretion that is surface exposed, and released in low Ca2+'
Stainier I, S Bleves, C Josenhans, L Karmani, C Kerbourch, I Lambermont, S Tötemeyer, A Boyd and GR Cornelis. (2000) 'YscP, a Yersinia protein required for Yop secretion that is surface exposed, and released in low Ca2+'. Molecular Microbiology, 37 :1005-108 [Details]
(2000) 'Yersinia enterocolitica can deliver Yop proteins into a wide range of cell types: Development of a delivery system for heterologous proteins'
Boyd A, N Grosdent, S Tötemeyer, C Geuijen, S Bleves, M Iriarte, I Lambermont, J-N Octave, and GR Cornelis. (2000) 'Yersinia enterocolitica can deliver Yop proteins into a wide range of cell types: Development of a delivery system for heterologous proteins'. European Journal of Cell Biology, 79 :659-671 [Details]
(1998) 'TyeA, a protein involved in control of Yop release and in translocation of Yersinia Yop effectors'
Iriarte M, M-P Sory, A Boland, A Boyd, SD Mills, I Lambermont and GR Cornelis. (1998) 'TyeA, a protein involved in control of Yop release and in translocation of Yersinia Yop effectors'. EMBO Journal, 17 :1907-1918 [Details]
(1998) 'LcrG is required for efficient translocation of Yersinia Yop effector proteins into eukaryotic cells'
Sarker MR, M-P Sory, A Boyd, M Iriarte and GR Cornelis. (1998) 'LcrG is required for efficient translocation of Yersinia Yop effector proteins into eukaryotic cells'. Infection and Immunity, 66 :2976-2979 [ARAN Link] [Details]
(1998) 'Heparin interferes with translocation of Yop proteins into HeLa cells and binds to LcrG, a regulatory component of the Yersinia Yop apparatus'
Boyd A, M-P Sory, M Iriarte and GR Cornelis. (1998) 'Heparin interferes with translocation of Yop proteins into HeLa cells and binds to LcrG, a regulatory component of the Yersinia Yop apparatus'. Molecular Microbiology, 27 :425-436 [Details]
(1998) 'The virulence plasmid of Yersinia, an anti-host genome'
Cornelis GR, A Boland, A Boyd, C Geuijen, M Iriarte, C Neyt, M-P Sory and I Stainier (1998) 'The virulence plasmid of Yersinia, an anti-host genome'. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, 62 [ARAN Link] [Details]
(1995) 'Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms: role of the alginate exopolysaccharide'
Boyd A and AM Chakrabarty (1995) 'Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms: role of the alginate exopolysaccharide'. Journal Of Industrial Microbiology, 15 [Details]
(1994) 'Role of alginate lyase in cell detachment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa'
Boyd A and AM Chakrabarty. (1994) 'Role of alginate lyase in cell detachment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa'. Infection and Immunity, 66 :2976-2979 [ARAN Link] [Details]
(1994) 'Identification of amino acid residues involved in the activity of phosphomannose isomerase-guanosine 5'-diphospho-D-mannose pyrophosphorylase'
May TB, D Shinabarger, A Boyd and AM Chakrabarty. (1994) 'Identification of amino acid residues involved in the activity of phosphomannose isomerase-guanosine 5'-diphospho-D-mannose pyrophosphorylase'. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 269 :4872-4877 [Details]
(1993) 'Nucleotide sequence and expression of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa algF gene controlling acetylation of alginate'
Shinabarger D, TB May, A Boyd, M Ghosh and AM Chakrabarty. (1993) 'Nucleotide sequence and expression of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa algF gene controlling acetylation of alginate'. Molecular Microbiology, 9 :1027-1035 [Details]
(1993) 'Sequence of the algL gene of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and purification of its alginate lyase gene product'
Boyd A, M Ghosh, TB May, D Shinabarger, R Keogh and AM Chakrabarty. (1993) 'Sequence of the algL gene of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and purification of its alginate lyase gene product'. Gene, 131 :1-8 [Details]

Book Chapters

  Year Publication
(2005) 'Evasion of Immune Responses by Bacteria'
Mills KH and Boyd A (2005) 'Evasion of Immune Responses by Bacteria' In: Topley & Wilson's Microbiology And Microbial Infections. UK: Hodder Arnold. [Details]
(2001) 'Yersinia'
Boyd A and GR Cornelis (2001) 'Yersinia' In: Principles of Bacterial Pathogenesis. USA: Academic Press. [Details]

Conference Paper

  Year Publication
(2011) The role of intestinal epithelial barrier function in the pathogenesis of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Irish Society for Gastroenterology National Meeting.
Finn R, Baird AW, Coffey ET, Boyd A. (2011) The role of intestinal epithelial barrier function in the pathogenesis of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Irish Society for Gastroenterology National Meeting. Conference Paper [Details]
(2011) Interactions of Vibrio parahaemolyticus with host cells: the role of Type III Secretion Systems. Vibrio 2011 - conference on the biology of Vibrios.
R Finn, N O’Boyle, E Coffey, A Baird, A Boyd (2011) Interactions of Vibrio parahaemolyticus with host cells: the role of Type III Secretion Systems. Vibrio 2011 - conference on the biology of Vibrios. Conference Paper [Details]
(2010) Determination of the molecular mechanisms of cellular adherence and invasion utilised by the gastrointestinal pathogen Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting.
O'Boyle N, A Boyd. (2010) Determination of the molecular mechanisms of cellular adherence and invasion utilised by the gastrointestinal pathogen Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting. Conference Paper [Details]
(2010) Analysis of the signalling pathway involved in the IL-8 secretion response by eukaryotic intestinal epithelial cells after Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting.
Mustel A, O’Byrne C, A Boyd. (2010) Analysis of the signalling pathway involved in the IL-8 secretion response by eukaryotic intestinal epithelial cells after Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting. Conference Paper [Details]
(2010) The effect of Vibrio parahaemolyticus on human MAPK signalling cascades and host cell response. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting.
Finn R, Matlawska-Wasowska K, Cunnane F, Coffey E, Baird A, A Boyd. (2010) The effect of Vibrio parahaemolyticus on human MAPK signalling cascades and host cell response. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting. Conference Paper [Details]
(2009) Analysis of the signalling pathway involved in the IL-8 secretion response by eukaryotic intestinal epithelial cells after Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection. Vibrio 2009 - Third conference on the biology of Vibrios.
Mustel A, O’Byrne C, A Boyd. (2009) Analysis of the signalling pathway involved in the IL-8 secretion response by eukaryotic intestinal epithelial cells after Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection. Vibrio 2009 - Third conference on the biology of Vibrios. Conference Paper [Details]
(2009) Role of JNK activation in the pathogenesis of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting.
Finn R, Matlawska-Wasowska K, Coffey E, Baird A, A Boyd. (2009) Role of JNK activation in the pathogenesis of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting. Conference Paper [Details]
(2009) Generation of a genomic library in order to identify novel Vibrio parahaemolyticus adhesins and invasins. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting.
O'Boyle N, A Boyd. (2009) Generation of a genomic library in order to identify novel Vibrio parahaemolyticus adhesins and invasins. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting. Conference Paper [Details]
(2009) The effect of Vibrio parahaemolyticus on human MAPK signalling cascades and host cell response. Vibrio 2009 - The third conference on the biology of Vibrios 2009.
Finn R, Matlawska-Wasowska K, Cunnane F, Coffey E, Baird A, A Boyd. (2009) The effect of Vibrio parahaemolyticus on human MAPK signalling cascades and host cell response. Vibrio 2009 - The third conference on the biology of Vibrios 2009. Conference Paper [Details]
(2009) Determination of the molecular mechanisms of cellular adherence and invasion utilised by the gastrointestinal pathogen Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Vibrio 2009 - third conference on the biology of Vibrios.
O'Boyle N, A Boyd. (2009) Determination of the molecular mechanisms of cellular adherence and invasion utilised by the gastrointestinal pathogen Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Vibrio 2009 - third conference on the biology of Vibrios. Conference Paper [Details]
(2008) The effect of Type Three Secretion Systems of Vibrio parahaemolyticus on human epithelial Caco-2 cells. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting.
Matlawska-Wasowska K, Bell J, O'Boyle N, Coffey E, A Boyd. (2008) The effect of Type Three Secretion Systems of Vibrio parahaemolyticus on human epithelial Caco-2 cells. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting. Conference Paper [Details]
(2008) Role of four ?B-dependent genes in the piezotolerance and invasiveness of Listeria monocytogenes. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting.
Karatzas K.-A., Abram F, Matlawska-Wasowska K, Boyd A, Tassou C, C O'Byrne. (2008) Role of four ?B-dependent genes in the piezotolerance and invasiveness of Listeria monocytogenes. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting. Conference Paper [Details]
(2008) Induction of Mammalian Cell Death by Bacterial Virulence Proteins. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting.
Matlawska-Wasowska K, D'arcy S, A Boyd. (2008) Induction of Mammalian Cell Death by Bacterial Virulence Proteins. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting. Conference Paper [Details]
(2008) The effect of Type Three Secretion Systems of Vibrio parahaemolyticus on human epithelial Caco-2 cells. The Society for General Microbiology Meeting.
Matlawska-Wasowska K, Bell J, O'Boyle N, Coffey E, A Boyd. (2008) The effect of Type Three Secretion Systems of Vibrio parahaemolyticus on human epithelial Caco-2 cells. The Society for General Microbiology Meeting. Conference Paper [Details]
(2007) Vibrio parahaemolyticus induces alterations in the activities of human intestinal epithelial cells. Irish Society for Immunology annual meeting.
Matlawska-Wasowska K, O'Boyle N, Bell J, Boyd A. (2007) Vibrio parahaemolyticus induces alterations in the activities of human intestinal epithelial cells. Irish Society for Immunology annual meeting. DCU: Conference Paper [Details]
(2006) Bordetella pertussis - immunity versus immune subversion. 8th International Pertussis Conference.
Mills KH, S Higgins, P Byrne, P McGuirk, M Brady, P Ross, N Fennelly, A Boyd, P Dunne. (2006) Bordetella pertussis - immunity versus immune subversion. 8th International Pertussis Conference. Conference Paper [Details]
(2006) Role of JNK activation in the pathogenesis of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. RECIPI-NET Symposium.
Coffey E, A Boyd. (2006) Role of JNK activation in the pathogenesis of Vibrio parahaemolyticus. RECIPI-NET Symposium. Conference Paper [Details]
(2005) Investigation into the effects of the Bordetella Type Three Secretion System. National Symposium of The Irish Research Council for Science, Engineering and Technology.
Fennelly NK, A Boyd, K Mills. (2005) Investigation into the effects of the Bordetella Type Three Secretion System. National Symposium of The Irish Research Council for Science, Engineering and Technology. Conference Paper [Details]
(2005) The Bordetella Type III Secretion System: effectors and functions. International Union of Microbiological Societies Meeting.
Fennelly NK, KH Mills, A Boyd. (2005) The Bordetella Type III Secretion System: effectors and functions. International Union of Microbiological Societies Meeting. Conference Paper [Details]
(2004) Acylation of the adenylate cyclase toxin of Bordetella pertussis is required for cytotoxicity in host cells but not modulation of innate and adaptive immunity. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting.
Ross PJ, A Boyd, EC Lavelle, KHG Mills. (2004) Acylation of the adenylate cyclase toxin of Bordetella pertussis is required for cytotoxicity in host cells but not modulation of innate and adaptive immunity. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting. Conference Paper [Details]
(2004) The adenylate cyclase toxin of Bordetella pertussis is a potent immunomodulator of innate immunity and generates an adaptive Th2/T-regulatory response. American Society for Microbiology General Meeting.
Ross PJ, A Boyd, EC Lavelle, KHG Mills. (2004) The adenylate cyclase toxin of Bordetella pertussis is a potent immunomodulator of innate immunity and generates an adaptive Th2/T-regulatory response. American Society for Microbiology General Meeting. Conference Paper [Details]
(2004) Regulation of innate and adaptive immunity by a non-toxic adenylate cyclase toxin from Bordetella pertussis. British Society for Immunology General Meeting.
Ross PJ, A Boyd, H Conroy, EC Lavelle, KH Mills. (2004) Regulation of innate and adaptive immunity by a non-toxic adenylate cyclase toxin from Bordetella pertussis. British Society for Immunology General Meeting. Conference Paper [Details]
(2004) The Type Three Secretion System of Bordetella spp. Second Symposium of The Irish Research Council for Science, Engineering and Technology.
Fennelly NK, A Boyd. (2004) The Type Three Secretion System of Bordetella spp. Second Symposium of The Irish Research Council for Science, Engineering and Technology. Conference Paper [Details]
(2004) The Bordetella Type III Secretion System: effectors and functions. The Society for General Microbiology Meeting.
Fennelly NK, KH Mills, A Boyd. (2004) The Bordetella Type III Secretion System: effectors and functions. The Society for General Microbiology Meeting. Conference Paper [Details]
(2004) The Bordetella Type III Secretion System: effectors and functions. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting.
Fennelly NK, A Boyd. (2004) The Bordetella Type III Secretion System: effectors and functions. The Society for General Microbiology Irish Branch Meeting. Conference Paper [Details]
(2003) The Bordetella Type III Secretion System: effectors and functions. First Symposium of The Irish Research Council for Science, Engineering and Technology.
Fennelly NK, A Boyd. (2003) The Bordetella Type III Secretion System: effectors and functions. First Symposium of The Irish Research Council for Science, Engineering and Technology. Conference Paper [Details]

Conference Poster

  Year Publication
(2013) Identification and characterisation of sugar binding adhesins of the human gut metagenome using bioformatics and functional metagenomics. Irish Division Society for General Microbiology Meeting.
Agbavwe, C; Louis, P; Boyd, A; Joshi, L; O’Byrne, C. (2013) Identification and characterisation of sugar binding adhesins of the human gut metagenome using bioformatics and functional metagenomics. Irish Division Society for General Microbiology Meeting. Conference Poster [Details]
(2013) Identification and characterisation of sugar binding adhesins of the human gut metagenome using bioformatics and functional metagenomics. Society for General Microbiology Spring Meeting.
Agbavwe, C; Louis, P; Boyd, A; Joshi, L; O’Byrne, C. (2013) Identification and characterisation of sugar binding adhesins of the human gut metagenome using bioformatics and functional metagenomics. Society for General Microbiology Spring Meeting. Conference Poster [Details]
(2012) Identification and characterization of novel glycan binding determinants in the human gut metagenome using bioinformatics and functional metagenomics. The Society for General Microbiology Annual Meeting 2012.
Agbavwe, C; Louis, P; Jones, B; Boyd, A; Joshi, L; O’Byrne, C (2012) Identification and characterization of novel glycan binding determinants in the human gut metagenome using bioinformatics and functional metagenomics. The Society for General Microbiology Annual Meeting 2012. Conference Poster [Details]

Other Item

  Year Publication
(2004) Microbiology Research at NUI, Galway. Irish Scientist Yearbook.
Boyd, A. (2004) Microbiology Research at NUI, Galway. Irish Scientist Yearbook. Other Item [Details]

Patents

  Patent Number Title Granted
2005035557 ADENYLATE CYCLASE IN THE TREATMENT AND/OR PROPHYLAXIS OF IMMUNE-MEDICATED DISEASE 22-APR-05