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National Centre for Biomedical Engineering Science (NCBES), NUI Galway: an ultra wideband radar for the early detection of breast cancer.

Early detection of breast cancer

The current de-facto method for detecting non-palpable early stage breast cancer is x-ray mammography. Despite the fact that x-ray mammography provides high resolution images at low radiation doses, its limitations are well recognised.

The search for new imaging modalities is motivated by the need for increased specificity and sensitivity, especially in the case of radiographically dense tissue. In younger women in particular, breast tissue typically present a higher dense-to-fatty tissue ratio, limiting the effectiveness of traditional x-ray mammography. One of the most promising alternative imaging modalities is Confocal Microwave Imaging (CMI).

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