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- "Optics", Eugene Hecht, (3rd Edition), pub. Addison-Wesley.

**1. Review of Geometrical Optics:
**

First order optics, Pupils and stops, aberrations

**2. Mathematical background:**

Representation of travelling waves, differential wave equation, harmonic waves, three dimensional wave fronts, vector calculus operators and relationships.

**3. Maxwell's Equations & the Laws of Electromagnetism:**

Review of laws of electricity and magnetism, Maxwell's Equations in integral form, Maxwell's Equations in differential form.

**4. Electromagnetic radiation:**

Derivation of wave equations for electromagnetic waves, nature of electromagnetic waves, energy transport, Poynting vector, irradiance, radiation pressure and momentum, production of electromagnetic waves, dipole radiation.

**5. Interaction of light with materials:**

Dielectric materials: reflected and transmitted intensities at normal incidence, Fresnel Equations,Waves in conducting media.

**6. Superposition of waves:**

Adding coplanar waves of the same frequency (2 waves, N waves), standing waves. Adding coplanar waves of different frequencies (beats, phase velocity, group velocity, dispersion).

**7. Polarization of light:**

Linear, circular, and elliptical polarization, Mallus' Law, Polarization mechanisms,dichroism, birefringence, scattering, reflection (Brewster's angle). Retarders and wave plates.

**8 . Interference:**

Wavefront splitting interferometers, Young’s slits, Amplitude splitting interferometers, thin film interference (antireflection coatings), Michelson interferometer. Multiple beam interference, Fabry-Perot interferometer, Resolving power of FP, Coefficient of Finesse.

**9. Fraunhofer diffraction:**

Single slit, Young's slits, N slits, diffraction grating, angular dispersion and optical resolution of diffraction grating. Diffraction patterns of apertures, Diffraction limit to resolution, Rayleigh criterion.

**10. Fresnel Diffraction:**

Fresnel zones, near and far fields,zone plates

**11. Topics in Applied Optics:**

*Fourier Optics:
*

Linear systems, Point Spread Function, Optical Transfer Function, Spatial frequency filtering.

*Introduction to lasers and holography:*

Conditons required for lasing, types of laser, cavity modes, production of holograms.

*Introduction to fiber optics:*

Numerical aperture, attenuation, types of fiber.

Office: AO202

Phone: ext. 5188

email: nicholas.devaneynuigalway.ie

Gamma-Ray Astronomy Group

School of Physics

National University of Ireland, Galway, University Road, Galway, Ireland.

E-mail: Tess.Mahoneynuigalway.ie

Phone: +353 91 492490 - Fax: +353 91 494584

This page was last updated Wednesday, April 09, 2014

National University of Ireland, Galway, University Road, Galway, Ireland.

E-mail: Tess.Mahoneynuigalway.ie

Phone: +353 91 492490 - Fax: +353 91 494584

This page was last updated Wednesday, April 09, 2014