# mP403: cosmology

### Text (reference)

### Syllabus

**Part 1 - General Relativity**

- Difficulties with Newtonian mechanisms.
- Mach’s principle, principle of equivalence, spacetime and geometry, event separation, geodesics, curved spaces, curvature and gravitation.
- Physics near a massive body: radar echos, spectral shifts, particle motion, perihelion advance, bending of light, black holes.
- Hawking radiation.

**Part 2 - Cosmology**

- The smoothed-out universe, Robertson-Walker metric, event horizons.
- Apparent luminosity, density of galaxies.
- The cosmological constant.
- Friedmann models, steady-state models, Newtonian cosmology.
- Cosmic black-body radiation.
- Galaxy condensation.
- Recent observational tests of the cosmological parameters.

### Lecturer