Ryan Institute Built Environment and Smart Cities Research Cluster

The built environment in Europe accounts for more than 40 per cent of the overall energy consumption and 36 per cent of the overall CO2 emissions. Furthermore, statistics show that construction and the upkeep of buildings and infrastructure is the largest industry worldwide accounting for about 10 per cent  of global GDP. However, there is a clear gap in the availability of structured and systematic mechanisms to support the decision-making, execution and commissioning phases of construction processes.