NUI Galway recognises that landscape, ecosystems and biodiversity are of significant environmental, economic, social and health value to students, staff and the wider community. The University boasts Ireland’s most biodiverse campus winning the Intervarsity Bioblitz in 2014 and again in 2015 recording 628 species in 24 hours.

The Applied Ecology Unit in the College of Science undertakes research on a wide range of Irish ecosystems with particular emphasis on sustainable management practices with a view to protecting these ecosystems both now and in the future. The Applied Ecology Unit is multidisciplinary and members are involved in biodiversity projects relating to agricultural ecosystems in both designated areas e.g. turloughs, peatlands, woodlands ) and undesignated areas (e.g. High Nature Farmland).

Examples of initiatives undertaken to promote biodiversity on the site include the creation of a bee apiary, organic garden, wildflower sites and fruit beds. NUI Galway is committed to enhancing student and staff awareness of biodiversity issues on campus and have produced a green campus map to help promote the campus as an educational and recreational resource.