Launch of Report on National Conference on Ethnic Minority Healthcare

Launch of Report on National Conference on Ethnic Minority Healthcare -image

Wednesday, 24 October 2007

The report of the second national HSE conference on ethnic minority health was launched at NUI Galway yesterday by Diane Nurse, National Planning Specialist, Social Inclusion, HSE. The conference, Participation of Ethnic Minority Communities in Primary Care Service Design, Planning and Delivery, took place in Galway in January of this year. The idea for the conference grew from an ongoing partnership between the Primary Care Department, HSE West, the Department of General Practice, NUI Galway and the Galway Refugee Support Group. The conference provided a forum to showcase examples of participatory approaches in research, service delivery and community health initiatives. Almost one fifth of the 150 delegates were ethnic minority community members, with the remainder drawn from statutory and non-statutory agencies. Speaking at the launch Diane Nurse of the HSE said: "It is clear that there is a growing awareness at European, national, regional, and local level that people affected by policy decisions have a right to be consulted about issues and decisions that affect their lives. Participation of ethnic minorities is not just an "add on". It is not down to individuals, individual projects or services. It comes through at national, regional and local level. It is informed and mandated by policy at government and organisational level. It is supported by a range of approaches including community development which has a lot to teach us in terms of participation. There are many examples to build upon and learn from. Participation strengthens and improves service for all of us. " The report identifies four key areas which featured strongly in presentations and group discussions and which conference delegates felt warranted particular consideration in the forthcoming National Intercultural Health Strategy and the implementation of the strategy thereafter. 1. GP services are the first point of contact with the health services for asylum seekers and ethnic minority communities. At this time many ethnic minority community members are having difficulty in general practice. Key recommendations are to improve the systems by which an asylum seeker 'finds' a GP and is 'accepted' on a GP list as a GMS patient. GP services need to be culturally appropriate with supports in place for both GP and patient (e.g. interpretation services and cultural competence training). 2. The mental health of asylum seekers is a cause for concern. For asylum seekers, mental health issues arising from experiences in their home countries are being compounded by experiences of direct provision accommodation and the prohibition on the right to work. Existing support services are either centrally based (i.e. Dublin), under resourced (e.g. Galway Rape Crisis Centre) or not always appropriate to the needs of individuals (e.g. psychiatric services for people requiring psychological services and supports). Appropriate psychological services should be in place around the country. 3. Language is a major barrier to effective healthcare for people from ethnic minority communities who have limited English. The main recommendation is for the development of a national interpretation service, staffed by trained interpreters and subject to on-going monitoring and evaluation. In addition, health information should be made available in a range of languages and individuals should be supported to attend English language classes as a longer term strategy. 4. Participatory approaches are strongly recommended as a suitable way of working for the development of culturally appropriate primary care services. The GMS modernization programme, training for GPs and other healthcare staff, and the development of an accredited and regulated interpretation service were just some of the service developments that would benefit from the 'voice' and 'expertise' of ethnic minority communities. At the same time, it was recommended that participatory approaches are developed and monitored in a critical manner. This report of conference proceedings has been sent to the HSE Social Inclusion Unit as a submission for the developing of the National Intercultural Health Strategy. The Intercultural Strategy aims to ensure that provision of health services is equal, accessible, culturally sensitive and appropriate in meeting the needs of minority ethnic communities. This includes improving access to health services, and reducing the risks of social exclusion and health inequalities experienced by minority ethnic groups, including travellers, asylum seekers, refugees and migrant workers. ENDS

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Seminar on Foreign Policy Accountability at NUI Galway

Seminar on Foreign Policy Accountability at NUI Galway-image

Monday, 22 October 2007

A public lecture on the issue of Accountability in Foreign Policy and the role of Foreign Affairs Committees in delivering such accountability will be given on Thursday, 25 October, 2007 at NUI Galway by Michael D. Higgins T.D., President and Spokesperson on Foreign Affairs for the Labour Party and Adjunct Professor at NUI Galway. The free public event is part of the University's Community Knowledge Initiative (CKI) Keynote Seminar Series which seeks to address pertinent issues facing the wider national and international community. The seminar 'The Joint Oireachtas Committee on Foreign Affairs – Can it deliver accountability on Foreign Policy?' will be hosted in conjunction with the Irish Centre for Human Rights, where Michael is an Adjunct Professor. In his presentation, he will draw on his experience of the Irish Foreign Affairs Committee and also on some preliminary results from research he initiated into the working of similar committees across 17 European countries. According to Michael D. Higgins, "The recent Iraq War, its illegality, the rhetoric used to justify a pre-emptive strike, the misleading of Parliament and the international institutions, and above all, the tragic consequences that have flown from it, have raised the issue of the consequences of a gap between the moral concerns of a public, the actions of their Governments, and the response of their Parliaments". The seminar will question not only the classic question as to whether foreign policy should be accountable, but also whether it is even possible against the argument of some practitioners that foreign policy makers and their diplomatic agents must operate in a relatively secretive manner. Michael D. Higgins will give some examples to help illustrate the context in which Irish foreign policy decision making operates and to highlight some of the obstacles to accountability thrown up by this context. The seminar will be held in the Siobhán McKenna Theatre in the Arts Millennium Building at NUI Galway, from 1pm to 2pm. For further information, telephone the CKI office on 091 493823. -ends-

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NUI Galway Conferring Ceremonies

NUI Galway Conferring Ceremonies-image

Monday, 22 October 2007

NUI Galway will confer three Honorary MA Degrees this week on Eric Elwood, for his contribution to Connacht Rugby; Tom Tuohy, for his voluntary contribution as coach to NUI Galway Boat Club; Tomás Ó Tuathail, for his contribution to Irish language promotion and community work in Tourmakeady, Co. Mayo; and an Honorary MSc Degree on Alasdar Mac Cana, for his contribution of over 20 years in the practical training of scientists in the Department of Physics and in the Education Department of NUI Galway. The honorary ceremonies will take place Monday 22, Tuesday 23 and Thursday 25 October, 2007, in conjunction with the Autumn Conferring Ceremonies which will see the graduation of over 4,000 students. Eric Elwood will be recognised for his contribution to rugby in Connacht. A dedicated servant to the Galwegians club in Galway, he first represented his province Connacht in 1989 against Ulster. He went on to represent Connacht a record 177 times and played his last match for Connacht in April 2005. He entered the international scene in 1993 and went on to win 35 caps for Ireland scoring 296 points and he played his last test against Romania in October 1999. Tom Tuohy, a native of Ballinrobe, Co. Mayo, will be honoured in recognition of his contribution to the sport of rowing in NUI Galway over a period of more than 30 years. "Tom Tuohy has for more than 20 years been the driving force behind the story of Rowing at NUI Galway. His enormous contribution to the club has been based on a love of the sport and a deeply-felt connection to and pride in his alma mater. All of these efforts have been on an entirely voluntary basis. Tom has been and remains an unpaid coach and mentor at a time when selfless volunteerism in Irish society is a very rare thing indeed", commented fellow rowing clubman Ruadhán Cooke. Alasdar Mac Cana will be honoured for his contribution of over 20 years in the practical training of scientists in the Department of Physics and in the Education Department of NUI Galway. Originally from Armagh, his work in NUI Galway came after a lifetime of teaching in the UK, when he "retired" with his wife, Magdalen Conlon from Spiddal, to live in Connemara. Professor Tom Glynn, Department of Physics, NUI Galway, said: "we are honouring a man (now in his hundredth year) who has done truly wonderful patient work, over an extended lifetime, in educating generations of young scientists on both sides of the Irish Sea. At the same time, he has filled his life with extensive travel, experience, and adventure and left a lasting impression on all who meet him as a remarkable human being and a dedicated teacher". Tomás Ó Tuathail will be honoured for his contribution to community life and to the promotion of the Irish language in his native Tourmakeady, Co. Mayo. Professor Nollaig Mac Congáil, Scoil na Gaeilge, NUI Galway says: "Tomás Ó Tuathail, a native of Tourmakeady and one who farmed and kept a business there all his life, realised that the area was in serious decline economically and socially. He spent his life actively trying to regenerate the community in every way possible in tandem with others locally whom he inspired and energised. Societies were formed to address all aspects of sheep farming and rural development as well as social, cultural and educational matters in what once was a heartland of Irish language and heritage. Until his recent retirement Tomás was central to all these activities and, it is hoped, his leadership and example over the years will be replicated by others in the future". The annual autumn conferring ceremonies began at NUI Galway last Friday and Saturday, 19 and 20 October, when the Adult Education ceremony was held and where awards were conferred on 703 students who completed their certificate, diploma and degree courses at many locations across the country. ENDS

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NUI Galway Head of the River

NUI Galway <i>Head of the River</i>-image

Monday, 22 October 2007

NUI Galway Head of the River will take place on Saturday, 27 October, the first major event of the 2007 / 2008 rowing season. While NUI Galway Boat Club expects that the season will culminate at the Beijing Olympics next August for some of its members, it will commence on home waters next weekend. The NUI Galway Head of the River course extends from Lough Corrib to just downstream of the Quincentennial Bridge, and is best viewed from the University campus, upstream and downstream of the bridge. The NUI Galway Head of the River is run on a time-trial basis, with the fastest crew over the course in each category winning the pennant, and the title "Head of the River". The main event will be the Men's Senior Eights, for the Gerry Colgan Memorial Trophy. The top category will be hotly contested, with the home club (winners in 2006) likely to be severely tested by a visiting crew from Molesey Boat Club in the UK. The Molesey crew contains two Olympic Gold Medallists (the legendary Searle brothers) as well as other Olympic and World Championship medallists from Britain, USA and Australia. This all-star line-up is by some way the most decorated crew to have ever competed in Ireland. Also visiting from the UK will be Latymer Upper School, from Hammersmith, London, who will compete in the Junior Men's categories, where they will face stiff opposition from the local junior strongholds, St Josephs and Coláiste Iognáid, as well as Tribesmen and Galway Rowing Club. In addition to the overseas entries, crews from all over Ireland will be taking part, in what should be a great day's racing, and a fantastic spectacle. This year the organisers have introduced a new format for the event, with dedicated lanes on the river for crews making their way to the Start, and for crews racing downstream. This will lead to a better spectacle for spectators, with all the different boat classes being run at 5 minute intervals over two sessions, from 10:00 to 12:00 & from 14:00 to 16:00. Live commentary will be provided, and the results of each event will be announced within minutes of the crews completing the course. Photo © Ian McDonald 2007 ENDS

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Graduate Recruitment Fair at NUI Galway

Graduate Recruitment Fair at NUI Galway-image

Monday, 22 October 2007

- 1000's of graduate jobs under one roof - 65 major companies from business and industry will feature at the NUI Galway Graduate Recruitment Fair in Áras na Mac Léinn/Student Centre on Tuesday, 30 October from 1-5pm. The event will showcase opportunities for students in all Faculties, with a diverse number of fields such as civil engineering, financial services, accountancy, law, consultancy and many other professions. Major players in the medical device industry will attend such as Boston Scientific and Medtronic. Ireland's largest banks will also be present including Bank of Ireland and AIB. For those interested in a career in consultancy - two of Ireland's largest consultancy firms, Tata Consultancy Services and Accenture will also be represented. The IT and engineering sectors will also have representation through local and national companies including Coffey Construction, Sisk, SAP, IBM and Dell. This is an excellent opportunity for current students, graduates and postgraduates to meet with prospective employers to find out what the current job market has to offer and make invaluable contacts. Company representatives will include past graduates of the University who will be available to speak with students. The Career Development Centre team will also be providing a CV clinic on the day to review and provide advice on preparing a CV. Deirdre Sheridan, Career Development Adviser at the Career Development Centre advises those thinking of attending the event: "A well-crafted CV is your sales brochure so come prepared. You never get a second chance at a first impression." The event is a fantastic opportunity for both employers and students. Students should come prepared and identify the companies they want to approach and are interested in working for. A full list of exhibitors is available from ENDS

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'Pain Barriers in Sport Medicine' lecture at NUI Galway

'Pain Barriers in Sport Medicine' lecture at NUI Galway-image

Monday, 22 October 2007

A Public lecture on Breaking through the Pain Barrier; Physiology and Pharmacology in Sports Medicine will be given by Dr David Finn, Department of Pharmacology and Director of the newly launched Centre for Pain Research at NUI Galway in the Clinical Science Institute on Friday, 26 October at 8pm. Dr Aideen Henry, Sports Medicine Physician from the Galway Clinic and Programme Director of the 'Masters Programme in Sports and Exercise Medicine' and 'Masters in Sports and Exercise Physiotherapy' at NUI Galway, will open proceedings which will be followed by presentations from her students on the medications commonly used in sports medicine. The lecture will be of interest to sportspeople, coaches and anyone generally who is trying to maintain an active healthy lifestyle and finds themselves hampered by sports injuries. Dr. Henry said, "When a person is injured in sport they commonly use rest, ice, compression and elevation (RICE regimen) and take anti-inflammatory tablets and have some physiotherapy treatment. We have invited Dr David Finn, an expert in the research on Pain, to give us some background information on how pain is perceived and how it can be modified in the body. Then our students, qualified medical doctors and chartered physiotherapists will give us an update on how medications in common use in sports medicine actually work." The meeting is free and open to the public. ENDS

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Searmanais Bhronnta OÉ Gaillimh

Searmanais Bhronnta OÉ Gaillimh-image

Sunday, 21 October 2007

Bronnfaidh OÉ Gaillimh Céimeanna Oinigh Máistreachta ar Eric Elwood, Rugbaí Chonnacht; Tom Tuohy, Club Rámhaíochta na Gaillimhe; Tomás Ó Tuathail, gníomhaí pobail agus teanga ó Thuar Mhic Éadaigh, Co. Mhaigh Eo; agus Alasdar Mac Cana, iarchomhalta foirne i Roinn na Fisice agus Roinn an Oideachais san Ollscoil. Bronnfar na céimeanna oinigh Dé Luain, an 22 Deireadh Fómhair, Dé Máirt, an 23 Deireadh Fómhair agus Déardaoin, an 25 Deireadh Fómhair, tráth a bheidh Searmanais Bhronnta an Fhómhair ar siúl. Bronnfar céimeanna ar os cionn 4,000 mac léinn ar fad. Tá clú agus cáil ar Eric Elwood as an méid oibre atá déanta aige don chluiche rugbaí i gConnachta. Tá an-luí aige le Club na nGaillimheach. D'imir sé a chéad chluiche do Chúige Chonnacht sa bhliain 1989 - cluiche i gcoinne na nUltach. Cúpla seachtain ina dhiaidh sin, nuair a bhí Eric 19 mbliana d'aois, thug sé aghaidh ar na All-Blacks. D'imir sé do Chonnachta 177 uair agus d'imir sé a chluiche deiridh do Chonnachta i mí Aibreáin 2005. Thosaigh sé ag imirt go hidirnáisiúnta sa bhliain 1993 agus d'imir sé d'Éirinn 35 uair. Scóráil sé 296 pointe agus d'imir sé a chluiche deiridh idirnáisiúnta in aghaidh na Rómáine i mí Dheireadh Fómhair 1999. Fear de bhunadh Bhaile an Róba, Co. Mhaigh Eo é Tom Tuohy. Bronnfar céim oinigh air mar aitheantas ar an méid oibre atá déanta aige ar mhaithe leis an rámhaíocht in OÉ Gaillimh le níos mó 30 bliain anuas. "Tá an-obair déanta ag Tom Tuohy chun an Rámhaíocht a chur chun cinn in OÉ Gaillimh le breis agus 20 bliain anuas. Is léir don uile dhuine go bhfuil an-suim ag Tom sa rámhaíocht agus go bhfuil luí ar leith aige lena alma mater. Rinne sé an obair seo ar fad ar bhonn deonach. Cóitseálaí agus meantóir deonach é Tom – rud atá neamhghnách go leor i sochaí an lae inniu nuair is deacair teacht ar oibrithe deonacha", a dúirt Ruadhán Cooke, comhghleacaí le Tom sa chlub rámhaíochta. Bronnfar céim oinigh ar Alasdar Mac Cana as an obair atá déanta aige le 20 bliain anuas ag cur oiliúint phraiticiúil ar eolaithe i Roinn na Fisice agus Roinn an Oideachais in OÉ Gaillimh. Rugadh Alasdar in Ard Mhacha, agus thosaigh sé ag obair in OÉ Gaillimh i ndiaidh a shaol a chaitheamh ag teasgasc sa Ríocht Aontaithe, tráth ar shocraigh sé féin agus a bhean chéile, Magdalen Conlon ón Spidéal, teacht chun cónaithe i gConamara nuair a chuaigh sé "ar scor". Seo a leanas a bhí le rá ag an Ollamh Tom Glynn, Roinn na Fisice, OÉ Gaillimh: "táimid ag tabhairt aitheantais d'fhear (atá anois 100 bliain d'aois) a rinne obair iontach agus a léirigh foighne ina chuid oibre i gcónaí, i rith a shaoil ar fad, chun eolaithe óga a oiliúint in Éirinn agus sa Ríocht Aontaithe. San am céanna, thaistil sé i mbaile is i gcéin, chonaic sé go leor agus d'éirigh leis an t-uafás a chur i gcrích, agus ba léir do gach duine ar casadh leis gur duine ar leith mar aon le múinteoir den scoth a bhí ann". Bronnfar céim ar Thomás Ó Tuathail mar aitheantas ar an méid oibre atá déanta aige ar mhaithe leis an bpobal agus cur chun cinn na Gaeilge i dTuar Mhic Éadaigh, Co. Mhaigh Eo. Seo a leanas a bhí le rá ag an Ollamh Nollaig Mac Congáil, Scoil na Gaeilge, OÉ Gaillimh: "Thuig Tomás Ó Tuathail, fear de bhunadh Thuar Mhic Éadaigh, a chaith a shaol i mbun feirme agus gnó sa cheantar, go raibh meath geilleagrach agus sóisialta i ndán don cheantar. Tá a shaol caite aige ag iarraidh an pobal a choinneáil beo le cabhair ó dhaoine áitiúla eile ar chothaigh sé spriorad pobail iontu. Bhunaigh sé coistí le déileáil le gach uile ghné den fheirmeoireacht caorach agus den fhorbairt tuaithe mar aon le ceisteanna sóisialta, cultúir agus oideachais sa cheantar seo ina raibh traidisiún láidir Gaeilge agus oidhreacht na hÉireann le brath ann tráth. Go dtí go ndeachaigh Tomás ar scor tamall ó shin, bhí ról lárnach aige sna gníomhaíochtaí seo ar fad, agus táthar ag súil go leanfaidh daoine eile an dea-shampla agus an cheannaireacht a léirigh sé i rith a shaoil". Cuireadh tús le searmanais bhronnta an fhómhair in OÉ Gaillimh Dé hAoine agus Dé Sathairn seo caite, an 19 agus an 20 Deireadh Fómhair, tráth ar reáchtáladh searmanas do Mhic Léinn Lánfhásta agus tráth ar bronnadh gradaim ar 703 mac léinn a rinne teastais, dioplómaí agus céimeanna in a lán ionad ar fud na tíre. CRÍOCH

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Aonach Earcaíochta Céimithe in OÉ Gaillimh

Aonach Earcaíochta Céimithe in OÉ Gaillimh-image

Sunday, 21 October 2007

- na mílte post do chéimithe faoi aon díon amháin - Beidh 65 cuideachta ón saol gnó agus ón tionscal i láthair ag Aonach Earcaíochta OÉ Gaillimh in Áras na Mac Léinn Dé Máirt, an 30 Deireadh Fómhair ó 1-5in. Beidh deiseanna ag an aonach seo do mhic léinn ó gach réimse cosúil le hinnealtóireacht shibhialta, seirbhísí airgeadais, cuntasaíocht, dlí, comhairleacht agus gairmeacha eile. Beidh na cuideachtaí is mó ó thionscal na bhfeistí leighis, Boston Scientific agus Medtronic mar shampla, i láthair freisin. Beidh na bainc is mó sa tír i láthair, Banc na hÉireann agus Bainc-Aontas Éireann san áireamh. Dóibh siúd ar spéis leo gairm sa réimse comhairleachta – beidh dhá phríomhghnólacht na hÉireann i láthair freisin – Tata Consultancy Services agus Accenture. Beidh ionadaithe ó na hearnálacha Teicneolaíocht Faisnéise agus innealtóireachta i bhfoirm cuideachtaí áitiúla agus náisiúnta lena n-áirítear Coffey Construction, Sisk, SAP, IBM agus Dell i láthair freisin. Deis iontach atá anseo do mhic léinn reatha, céimithe agus iarchéimithe bualadh le fostóirí ionchasacha, eolas a fháil faoi na poist atá ar fáil faoi láthair agus teagmhálacha a chruthú le daoine. I measc na n-ionadaithe ó na cuideachtaí éagsúla a bheidh i láthair beidh iarchéimithe ón Ollscoil seo ar fáil le labhairt le mic léinn. Beidh foireann an Ionaid Forbartha Gairme i mbun clinic CV ar an lá freisin chun eolas a thabhairt maidir le CV a ullmhú. Seo a leanas an méid a bhí le rá ag Deirdre Sheridan, Comhairleoir Forbairt Gairme san Ionad Forbartha Gairme: "Is ann do CV maith chun tú féin a chur chun cinn agus ba cheart go mbeadh CV maith agat. Ní bhíonn ach deis amháin agat dul i bhfeidhm ar dhuine." Deis iontach é an t-imeacht seo d'fhostóirí agus do mhic léinn. Ba cheart do mhic léinn beagán taighde a dhéanamh sula dtagann siad chuig an imeacht agus na cuideachtaí ar mian leo labhairt leo nó obair dóibh a aithint roimh ré. Tá liosta iomlán de na cuideachtaí a mbeidh ionadaithe acu ag an imeacht le fáil ag CRÍOCH

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Launch of First National Survey on Sex Trafficking of Women

Launch of First National Survey on Sex Trafficking of Women-image

Thursday, 18 October 2007

New Report Calls on Government to Act Fast to Curb Sex Trafficking of Women At least 76 women were trafficked into Ireland for the purposes of sexual exploitation between 2000 – 2006, according to figures from a research report launched by former senator Mary Henry today, (October 18th) at NUI Galway. The majority of these women were trafficked from Eastern Europe but women were also trafficked into the sex trade in Ireland from Africa, Asia and South America. It is believed that most of these women ended up in private brothels throughout the country. The research authors, Dr. Eilis Ward of NUI Galway and Dr. Gillian Wylie of the Irish School of Ecumenics, TCD, have called for prioritisation of the needs of trafficked women in the recently published bill by the government in relation to sex-trafficking. "There should be no question any longer as to whether Ireland has a problem with sex trafficking of women," commented one of the research authors, Dr. Gillian Wylie of the Irish School of Ecumenics, TCD. "The problem has been clearly sign posted through this research and by findings from organisations working in the field". "We established through our survey and questionnaire a probable minimum number of 76," commented co-author, Dr. Eilis Ward of NUI Galway, "But in fact we will never know the exact number being trafficked into Ireland because of the nature of the sex trade and the nature of the criminality involved in trafficking. We suggest that the research for statistics can now be sidelined in favour of the development of a coherent, human rights approach to this distressing problem. The government needs to act fast to ensure that the problem does not grow". The research by the two academics was carried on over a two year period and involved a survey of agencies and organisations working in areas of prostitution, violence against women and migration in Ireland. It is the first such research of its kind for Ireland. The research identifies some patterns and trends for the sex-trafficking into Ireland and also identifies serious gaps in service provision and supports for those women who have been sex-trafficked. In particular the lack of a legislative framework has created an ad hoc situation with no clear policy or guidelines as to what happens women who have been identified as sex-trafficked. The research identifies, however, that good cooperation has developed among the state and non-state sectors but suggests that this may be confined to the Dublin area. Given that many of the women identified in the research ended up outside Dublin, this is a cause for concern. For instance, a women who was found by Gardaí in a private brothel in Sligo and who was believed to have been trafficked was brought to Mountjoy jail. "This effectively criminalised her for an act in which she was an extremely vulnerable victim of a serious crime" commented Dr. Ward. ENDS Notes The research also found an additional 75 cases which are possible sex-trafficking cases but the absence of substantive information meant that they could not be included in the probable category The single biggest national grouping of women identified as probably sex-trafficked was women from Nigeria (19 women) and the second was Russian women (8) Where contact was made, the research revealed the use of force, coercion and deception as part of the transit journey to ireland and evidence of extreme force and coercion was also found once the women came to Ireland. Of the 76 probable cases, 36 of those women disappeared from contact with agencies or individuals, 14 were repatriated to their home country and 12 remain in the Irish asylum system. Ten of them were granted either leave to remain in ireland or refugee status. The research revealed a consensus among those interviewed that service provision to victims of sex-trafficking is very underresourced and under funded. The research also places the context of sex-trafficking as a new phenomona in Ireland at a time when the sex-trade is expanding and becoming more difficult to control and poses great difficulties for Garda surveillance. Full report is available on

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An Chéad Suirbhé Náisiúnta maidir le Gáinneáil Ghnéis ar Mhná

An Chéad Suirbhé Náisiúnta maidir le Gáinneáil Ghnéis ar Mhná-image

Thursday, 18 October 2007

Éilíonn Tuarascáil Nua ar an Rialtas Gníomhú Anois chun Gáinneáil Ghnéis ar Mhná a Chosc Tugadh ar a laghad 76 bean isteach go hÉirinn chun mí-úsáid ghnéasach a bhaint astu idir 2000 – 2006, de réir na bhfigiúirí ó thuarascáil taighde a sheol an t-iarsheanadóir Mary Henry inniu, (18 Deireadh Fómhair) in OÉ Gaillimh. Tháinig formhór na mban seo ó Oirthear na hEorpa ach tugadh mná isteach freisin go hÉirinn ón Afraic, an Áise agus Meiriceá Theas. Ceaptar gur i ndrúthlanna príobháideacha ar fud na tíre a cuireadh formhór na mban seo. Tá sé iarrtha ag údair an taighde, an Dr Eilis Ward ó OÉ Gaillimh agus an Dr Gillian Wylie as Scoil Éacúiméinice na hÉireann i gColáiste na Tríonóide, go dtabharfaí tús áite do riachtanais na mban a ndéantar gáinneáil orthu i mbille a d'fhoilsigh an Rialtas le gairid i ndáil le gáinneáil gnéis. "Níor chóir go mbeadh aon dabht ann níos mó maidir leis an bhfadhb atá sa tír seo maidir le gáinneáil ghnéis ar mhná," a dúirt an Dr Gillian Wylie as Scoil Éacúiméinice na hÉireann i gColáiste na Tríonóide. "Tá an fhadhb léirithe ag an taighde seo agus ag an obair atá ar bun ag eagraíochtaí sa réimse seo". "Leis an suirbhé agus an ceistneoir ceapaimid gur 76 bean a bhí i gceist," a dúirt an t-údar, an Dr Eilis Ward as OÉ Gaillimh, "Ach ní fios go cinnte cé mhéad a tugadh go hÉirinn mar gheall go bhfuil an gháinneáil mídhleathach. Molaimid go gcuirfí an taighde ar leataobh anois agus go ngcuirfear cur chuige comhtháite, cearta daonna ar fáil don fhadhb seo a réiteach. Caithfidh an Rialtas gníomhú anois chun nach rachaidh an fhadhb seo in olcas". Ghlac an taighde dhá bhliain ar an mbeirt acadúil seo agus, mar chuid de, rinneadh suirbhé ar ghníomhaireachtaí agus ar eagraíochtaí a bhfuil a gcuid oibre dírithe ar an striapachas, foréigean i gcoinne na mban agus imirce in Éirinn. Is é seo an chéad taighde den chineál seo ar Éirinn. Léiríonn an taighde patrúin agus treochtaí áirithe don gháinneáil ghnéis in Éirinn agus, chomh maith leis sin, go bhfuil bearnaí móra sa tseirbhís agus sa tacaíocht a fhaigheann na mná seo. Mar gheall nach bhfuil creat reachtaíochta ann tá cás ad hoc cruthaithe agus gan aon bheartas ná treoirlínte soiléire ar fáil maidir le mná a aithnítear mar mhná a ndearnadh gáinneáil orthu. Léirigh an taighde, áfach, go bhfuil comhoibriú ar bun idir na hearnálacha stáit agus neamhstáit ach ceaptar gur i mBaile Átha Cliath amháin a tharlaíonn sé sin. Is ábhar imní gur taobh amuigh de Bhaile Átha Cliath sa deireadh a bhí go leor de na mná a aithníodh sa taighde. Mar shampla, tugadh bean a fuair na Gardaí i ndrúthlann phríobháideach i Sligeach agus a measadh go ndearnadh gáinneáil uirthi, go príosún Mhuinseo. "Rinneadh coirpeach aisti nuair is íobartach a bhí inti i ndáiríre" a dúirt an Dr Ward. CRÍOCH Nótaí Thángthas trasna ar 75 cás eile ina raibh gáinneáil i gceist ach de bharr easpa eolais ní fhéadfaí iad a áireamh sa taighde. An grúpa náisiúnach is mó a aithníodh ná mná as an Nigéir (19) agus an dara grúpa is mó ná mná as an Rúis (8). Sa chás go ndearnadh teagmháil leis na mná, léirigh an taighde gur úsáideadh lámh láidir, comhéigean agus dallamullóg chun na mná a thabhairt go hÉirinn agus bhí fianaise ann gur úsáideadh lámh láidir agus comhéigean nuair a bhí na mná in Éirinn chomh maith. As an 76 cás, níor fhan 36 de na mná i dteagmháil leis na gníomhaireachtaí ná le duine ar bith, cuireadh 14 ar ais chuig a dtír dhúchais agus tá 12 fanta i gcóras tearmann na hÉireann. Ceadaíodh do dheichniúr acu sin fanacht in Éirinn nó tugadh stádas dídeanaithe dóibh. Bhí gach duine sa taighde ar aon fhocal maidir leis an tseirbhís d'íobartaigh sa chás seo a bheith gann ar acmhainní agus ar mhaoiniú. De réir an taighde chomh maith, meastar gur feiniméan nua in Éirinn í an gháinneáil ghnéis agus go bhfuil sí ag méadú agus ag fáil níos deacra a smachtú agus níos deacra ag na Gardaí súil a choinneáil orthu. Tá an tuarascáil iomlán le fáil ar

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