Prof Raymond Murphy

BA, LL.B, BL, M.LITT, Ph.D, Dip Arb Law

Contact Details

Personal Professor
Irish Centre For Human Rights
NUI Galway

T: Ext. 3081
E: ray.murphy@nuigalway.ie
 
researcher

Biography

"Work as a UN peacekeeper in the Middle East and later work in Africa shaped my interest in peace operations, international humanitarian law and human rights."

Dr. Ray Murphy is a professor at the Irish Centre for Human Rights, National University of Ireland Galway, Ireland. He completed his B.A. in Political Science and Legal Science in 1979, and then took a Bachelor in Law (LL.B.) degree in 1981. He studied at Kings Inns in Dublin where he completed a B.L. degree and was called to the Irish bar in 1984. He completed a Masters degree in International Law (M.Litt.) at Dublin University (Trinity College) in 1991. In 2001 he completed his Ph.D. in International Law at the University of Nottingham, England. In addition to his position at the Irish Centre for Human Rights, Prof. Murphy is on the faculty of the International Institute for Criminal Investigations and Justice Rapid Response. He also conducts training on behalf of the International Committee of the Red Cross, the International Institute for Humanitarian Law at San Remo (Italy) and the Pearson Peacekeeping Center, Canada. Prof. Murphy is a Commissioner with the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission.  He is a former member and Vice Chair of the Executive Committee of Amnesty International (Ireland). Prof. Murphy  is also a member of the Executive Committee of the Association of Human Rights Institutes. In 2014, he was a visiting scholar at Al-Haq, the Palestinian human rights NGO.

Prof. Murphy was a Visiting Scholar at the Centre for International Law, Al-Haq, Ramallah in 2014. He was awarded a Fulbright Fellowship in 2006 and worked with Human Rights Watch in New York as a resident scholar. In 2007 he was awarded the National University of Ireland, Galway President’s Award for Teaching Excellence, and in 2008 he received the National Award for Excellence in Teaching by the National Academy for the Integration of Research & Teaching & Learning (NAIRTL).

Prof. Murphy is a former Captain in the Irish Defence Forces and he served as an infantry officer with the Irish contingent of UNIFIL in Lebanon in 1981/82 and again in 1989. He practiced as a barrister for a short period before taking up his current appointment at the National University of Ireland, Galway. He was Chairperson of the Broadcasting Complaints Commission from 1997 to 2000. He has field experience with the OSCE in Bosnia in 1996 and 1997. He has also worked on short assignments in west and southern Africa and the Middle East for Amnesty International, the European Union and the Irish Government.

Selected Publications
R. Murphy, Peacekeeping in Lebanon and Civilian Protection, Journal of Conflict and Security Law, (2012)(Journal article).
R. Murphy (ed), Post Conflict Peacebuilding and International Law, Ashgate Oxon., (2012).

R. Murphy, UN Peacekeeping in Lebanon, Somalia and Kosovo: Legal and Operational Issues in Practice, Cambridge University Press, 2007 (Monograph, reprinted 2008).

 R. Murphy and D. Gannon, ‘Changing the Landscape:  Israel’s Gross Violations of International Law in the Occupied Syrian Golan’, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 11, 2008, Cambridge University Press, (2010). pp. 139-174. (Journal article)

 R. Murphy, ‘Gravity Issues and the International Criminal Court’, 17 Criminal Law Forum, (2006), pp. 281-315. (Journal article)



Research Interests

Peace operations and conflict resolution; international humanitarian law and human rights.

Research Projects

  Project Start Date End Date
FRANET 01-MAY-15 30-APR-18
Cinema Human Rights and Advocacy (CHRA) 2014 30-APR-14 31-DEC-20
IRC POSTGRADUATE T FLORATH RAY MURPHY 01-OCT-13 30-SEP-15
RULE OF LAW REFORM INITIATIVES RAY MURPHY 01-OCT-13 31-AUG-15
HUMCONST2013 RAY MURPHY 01-SEP-13 30-JUN-16
INTERNATIONAL CENTRE ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND DRUG POLICY R MURPHY 01-NOV-12 30-APR-14
ACCOUNT NAME: ICHR Non Vatable Service Account (end date 2010) 01-JUL-11 31-DEC-16
Human Rights and Drug Policy Project Foundation Open Society Institute 01-APR-11 30-SEP-13
FOUNDATION AWARDS B0094 PROF WILLIAM SCHABAS 31-DEC-09 22-MAY-11
PROMOTING JUDICIAL DISCRETION IN THE RESTRICTION & REDUCTION OF DEATH PENALTY USE - W SCHABAS 01-JUL-09 31-DEC-13
PRIZE MONEY NAIRTL R MURPHY 01-MAR-09 31-DEC-11
EC CHINA - EIDHR/2008/168-221 - W SCHABAS 01-MAR-09 30-NOV-14
IRISH AID, GRANT BURMA PROJECT - SCHABAS 01-APR-08 30-JUN-11
EI CS 2007 0053 RAY MURPHY 01-FEB-07 25-JUN-08
DEATH PENALTY IN CHINA PROJECT 01-JAN-07 31-DEC-09
HUMAN RIGHTS OF OLDER PERSONS SCHABAS FITZMAURICE 01-JAN-06 26-NOV-09
IRCHSS GOI Phd FELLOWSHIP WILLIAM SCHABAS 01-OCT-05 24-AUG-09
OPEN SOC INST ICC SUMMER COURSE 09-JUL-05 31-DEC-11
SCHABAS ADM CPA COMBAT POVERTY 01-APR-05 30-NOV-06
US INST OF PEACE POST CONFLICT JUSTICE 06-JAN-05 30-NOV-12
AMNESTY VINODH JAICHAND 15-NOV-04 31-DEC-12
US INST OF PEACE ASSESSMENT AND TRAINING 02-SEP-04 09-FEB-06
EQUAL AUTH CONCEPT REASONABLE ACCOMM W SCHABAS 01-JUL-04 30-APR-12
JOSEPH ROWNTREE ID 2496 W SCHABAS 01-APR-04 26-NOV-07
EU VS 2004 0061 0469 V JAICHAND 01-MAR-04 31-DEC-12
EU CHINA YR 2 2004 B7 701 2003 3045 SCHABAS 01-JAN-04 30-APR-09
ICHR SERVICE VAT ACCOUNT 01-JAN-04 31-DEC-14
EU CHINA N WORK HR SCHABAS COORDINATION 01-NOV-01 30-SEP-06
US INSTITUTE FOR PEACE W SCHABAS 01-SEP-01 30-APR-09
989 MF 70 00 R MURPHY 01-JUL-00 29-NOV-04

Peer Reviewed Journals

  Year Publication
(2016) 'UN Peacekeeping in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Protection of Civilians'
Ray Murphy (2016) 'UN Peacekeeping in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Protection of Civilians'. Journal Of Conflict And Security Law, [Details]
(2015) 'Sexual and gender based violence and the Responsibility to Protect: where does gender come in?'
Murphy, Ray; Burke, Roisin (2015) 'Sexual and gender based violence and the Responsibility to Protect: where does gender come in?'. Irish Studies in International Affairs, 26 :227-256 [Details]
(2013) '‘Prisoners of War: A Comparative Study’'
R. Murphy (2013) '‘Prisoners of War: A Comparative Study’'. Renmin University Law Review, 12 :274-303 [Details]
(2012) 'Forgotten rights: Consequences of the Israeli occupation of the Golan Heights'
Murphy, R,Keane, D,McDermott, Y (2012) 'Forgotten rights: Consequences of the Israeli occupation of the Golan Heights'. Challenge Of Human Rights: Past, Present And Future, :138-163 [Details]
(2007) 'Legal framework of UN peacekeeping forces and issues of command and control'
Murphy, R (2007) 'Legal framework of UN peacekeeping forces and issues of command and control'. Un Peacekeeping In Lebanon, Somalia And Kosovo: Operational And Legal Issues In Practice, :106-147 [Details]
(2007) 'UN military operations and international humanitarian and human rights law'
Murphy, R (2007) 'UN military operations and international humanitarian and human rights law'. Un Peacekeeping In Lebanon, Somalia And Kosovo: Operational And Legal Issues In Practice, :214-293 [Details]
(2007) 'United Nations peacekeeping in Lebanon, Somalia and Kosovo, and the use of force'
Murphy, R (2007) 'United Nations peacekeeping in Lebanon, Somalia and Kosovo, and the use of force'. Un Peacekeeping In Lebanon, Somalia And Kosovo: Operational And Legal Issues In Practice, :148-213 [Details]
(2007) 'The political and diplomatic background to the establishment of peace support operations in Lebanon, Somalia and Kosovo'
Murphy, R (2007) 'The political and diplomatic background to the establishment of peace support operations in Lebanon, Somalia and Kosovo'. Un Peacekeeping In Lebanon, Somalia And Kosovo: Operational And Legal Issues In Practice, :33-105 [Details]
(2012) 'Peacekeeping in Lebanon and Civilian Protection'
R Murphy (2012) 'Peacekeeping in Lebanon and Civilian Protection'. Journal Of Conflict And Security Law, :1-30 [Details]
(2011) '‘Post-UN Withdrawal: An Assessment of Peacekeeping in Chad’'
Ray Murphy (2011) '‘Post-UN Withdrawal: An Assessment of Peacekeeping in Chad’'. Irish Yearbook Of International Law, Vol. 4-5 (2009-2010 (2011)):3-28 [ARAN Link] [Details]
(2010) 'Changing the Landscape: Israel’s Gross Violations of International Law in the Occupied Syrian Golan'
Murphy,R, Gannon,D. (2010) 'Changing the Landscape: Israel’s Gross Violations of International Law in the Occupied Syrian Golan'. Yearbook Of International Humanitarian Law, 11 :139-174 [Details]
(2009) 'Prisoners of War: A Comparative Study of the Principles of International Humanitarian Law and the Islamic Law of War’'
Murphy,R, El Zeidy,M. (2009) 'Prisoners of War: A Comparative Study of the Principles of International Humanitarian Law and the Islamic Law of War’'. International Criminal Law Review, 9 (4):623-649 [Details]
(2009) 'Whither UN Peacekeeping in Lebanon'
Murphy,R. (2009) 'Whither UN Peacekeeping in Lebanon'. Irish Yearbook of International Law 2007, :31-46 [Details]
(2008) 'UN Peacekeeping in Lebanon: A Case Study’'
Murphy,R. (2008) 'UN Peacekeeping in Lebanon: A Case Study’'. 2008 International Relations and Security Network, Center for Security Studies (CSS), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zurich), [Details]
(2008) '‘The European Union and Developments in Crisis Management Operations and Peacekeeping’'
Murphy,R. (2008) '‘The European Union and Developments in Crisis Management Operations and Peacekeeping’'. Connections - The Quarterly Journal, VIII (1):58-91 [Details]
(2008) 'Lessons from Kosovo: The Use of Force by UN Mandated Forces'
Murphy,R. (2008) 'Lessons from Kosovo: The Use of Force by UN Mandated Forces'. Defence Forces Review, :81-95 [Details]
(2006) 'Perspectives on Peace Operations and Human Rights'
Ray Murphy and Katarina Mansson (2006) 'Perspectives on Peace Operations and Human Rights'. International Peacekeeping, 13 (4):457-461 [Details]
(2006) '‘Peacekeepers’ Dilemma - Out here, the line is blue’'
Murphy,R. (2006) '‘Peacekeepers’ Dilemma - Out here, the line is blue’'. Combat Law, 2 (5):68-73 [Details]
(2006) 'Edited Special Edition- ‘United Nations Peace Operations and Human Rights’'
Murphy,R. (2006) 'Edited Special Edition- ‘United Nations Peace Operations and Human Rights’'. International Peacekeeping, 13 (4) [Details]
(2006) 'An Assessment of UN Efforts to address Sexual Misconduct of UN Personnel'
Ray Murphy (2006) 'An Assessment of UN Efforts to address Sexual Misconduct of UN Personnel'. Peace Operations And Human Rights, International Peacekeeping, 13 (4):75-90 [Details]
(2006) '‘Gravity Issues and the International Criminal Court’'
Murphy,R. (2006) '‘Gravity Issues and the International Criminal Court’'. Criminal Law Forum, 17 :281-315 [Details]
(2006) 'International prestige and domestic values in civil-military conflicts: two Irish case studies'
Murphy,R, Callaghan,J. (2006) 'International prestige and domestic values in civil-military conflicts: two Irish case studies'. Civil Military Relations in Europe, :202-216 [Details]
(2005) '‘United Nations Peacekeeping and the Use of Force - the Failure to Protect in Kosovo’'
Murphy,R. (2005) '‘United Nations Peacekeeping and the Use of Force - the Failure to Protect in Kosovo’'. Baltic Yearbook of International Law, 5 :77-109 [Details]
(2005) 'International Criminal Accountability and the International Criminal Court'
Murphy,R. (2005) 'International Criminal Accountability and the International Criminal Court'. Columbia International Affairs Online (CIAO), University of Columbia, New York, [Details]
(2005) 'Islamic Law on Prisoners of War and its Relationship with International Humanitarian Law'
Murphy,R, El Zeidy,M. (2005) 'Islamic Law on Prisoners of War and its Relationship with International Humanitarian Law'. Italian Yearbook Of International Law, XIV :53-81 [Details]
(2004) 'Ireland withdraws from participation in EU peacekeeping mission to Macedonia'
Ray Murphy (2004) 'Ireland withdraws from participation in EU peacekeeping mission to Macedonia'. 2003 International Peacekeeping Yearbook, 9 :119-134 [Details]
(2004) '‘Prisoners of War Status and the Question of the Guantanamo Bay Detainees''
Murphy,R. (2004) '‘Prisoners of War Status and the Question of the Guantanamo Bay Detainees''. Human Rights Law Review, 3 :257-278 [Details]
(2004) '‘Contemporary Challenges to the Implementation of International Humanitarian Law’'
Murphy,R. (2004) '‘Contemporary Challenges to the Implementation of International Humanitarian Law’'. Connections: The Quarterly Journal of the Partnership for Peace Consortium, 3 (3):99-113 [Details]
(2003) '‘International Humanitarian Law and Peace Support Operations - Bridging the Gap''
Murphy,R. (2003) '‘International Humanitarian Law and Peace Support Operations - Bridging the Gap''. Journal of Conflict Studies, XXIII :12-59 [Details]
(2003) '‘Making International Criminals Accountable - Will the International Criminal Court Succeed?''
Murphy,R. (2003) '‘Making International Criminals Accountable - Will the International Criminal Court Succeed?''. The Defence Forces Review, 4 :9-19 [Details]
(2003) '‘United Nations Military Operations and International Humanitarian Law: What Rules Apply to Peacekeepers?''
Murphy,R. (2003) '‘United Nations Military Operations and International Humanitarian Law: What Rules Apply to Peacekeepers?''. Criminal Law Forum - An International Journal, 14 (2):153-194 [Details]
(2003) '‘The Issue of Legal Aid - A Regime Comparison''
Murphy,R, Castellino,J. (2003) '‘The Issue of Legal Aid - A Regime Comparison''. Global Law Review (Quarterly), 25 [Details]
(2003) '‘United Nations Peacekeeping in Lebanon and Somalia and the Use of Force''
Murphy,R. (2003) '‘United Nations Peacekeeping in Lebanon and Somalia and the Use of Force''. Journal of Conflict and Security Law, 8 (1):1-30 [Details]
(2002) '‘The Political and Diplomatic Background to the Establishment of UNIFIL in Lebanon, and the UNITAF and UNOSOM Missions in Somalia'
Murphy,R. (2002) '‘The Political and Diplomatic Background to the Establishment of UNIFIL in Lebanon, and the UNITAF and UNOSOM Missions in Somalia'. Journal of Conflict Studies, XXII :26-56 [Details]
(2002) '‘Treatment of Prisoners of War: Age Old Problem for Protagonists''
Murphy,R. (2002) '‘Treatment of Prisoners of War: Age Old Problem for Protagonists''. Bar Review, 7 :17-25 [Details]
(2002) '‘Prisoners of War and Contemporary Conflicts- The Case of the Taliban and Al-Qaeda Detainees''
Murphy,R. (2002) '‘Prisoners of War and Contemporary Conflicts- The Case of the Taliban and Al-Qaeda Detainees''. Revue de Droit Militaire et de Droit de la Guerre/The Military Law and the Law of War Review, 41 :141-167 [Details]
(2002) '‘The International Criminal Court - A Victory for the Rule of Law over the Might is Right Principle?''
Murphy,R. (2002) '‘The International Criminal Court - A Victory for the Rule of Law over the Might is Right Principle?''. Irish Criminal Law Journal, 12 (3):8-15 [Details]
(2001) '‘The Incorporation of the ECHR into Irish Domestic Law''
Murphy,R. (2001) '‘The Incorporation of the ECHR into Irish Domestic Law''. European Human Rights Law Review, 6 :622-638 [Details]
(2001) '‘Criminalizing attacks on United Nations peacekeepers and the creation of an effective international legal protection''
Murphy,R. (2001) '‘Criminalizing attacks on United Nations peacekeepers and the creation of an effective international legal protection''. Irish Criminal Law Journal, 11 (2):14-22 [Details]
(2001) '‘Incorporating the European Convention into Irish Law - Adopting a Minimalist Approach''
Murphy,R, Wills,S. (2001) '‘Incorporating the European Convention into Irish Law - Adopting a Minimalist Approach''. Bar Review, 6 :41-45 [Details]
(2000) '‘Kosovo: Reflections on the legal aspects of the conflict and its outcome''
Murphy,R. (2000) '‘Kosovo: Reflections on the legal aspects of the conflict and its outcome''. Irish Studies in International Affairs, 11 :7-30 [Details]
(1999) '‘The Legal Framework of United Nations Peacekeeping Forces and the Issue of Command and Control''
Murphy,R. (1999) '‘The Legal Framework of United Nations Peacekeeping Forces and the Issue of Command and Control''. Journal of Armed Conflict Law, 4 (1):41-73 [Details]
(1999) '‘International humanitarian law training for multinational peace support operations''
Murphy,R. (1999) '‘International humanitarian law training for multinational peace support operations''. International Review of the Red Cross, 82 :953-968 [Details]
(1999) '‘A Comparative Analysis of the Municipal Legal Basis for Canadian and Irish Participation in United Nations Forces''
Murphy,R. (1999) '‘A Comparative Analysis of the Municipal Legal Basis for Canadian and Irish Participation in United Nations Forces''. Revue de Droit Militaire et de Droit de la Guerre/The Military Law and the Law of War Review, 38 :163-208 [Details]
(1999) '‘UN Peacekeeping in Lebanon and the Use of Force''
Murphy,R. (1999) '‘UN Peacekeeping in Lebanon and the Use of Force''. International Peacekeeping, 6 (2):38-63 [Details]
(1998) '‘Ireland and Future Participation in Peacekeeping Operations''
Murphy,R. (1998) '‘Ireland and Future Participation in Peacekeeping Operations''. International Peacekeeping, 5 (1):22-45 [Details]
(1994) '‘Legal issues arising from participation in peacekeeping operations''
Murphy,R. (1994) '‘Legal issues arising from participation in peacekeeping operations''. International Peacekeeping, 3 :61-65 [Details]
(1992) '‘Military Courts-Martial, a Right to Appeal to Members of the Defence Forces''
Murphy,R. (1992) '‘Military Courts-Martial, a Right to Appeal to Members of the Defence Forces''. The Irish Criminal Law Journal, 2 (2):94-113 [Details]

Books

  Year Publication
(2009) A Responsibility to Assist, Human Rights Policy and Practice in European Union Crisis Management Operations, A Cost Report.
Murphy,R. (2009) A Responsibility to Assist, Human Rights Policy and Practice in European Union Crisis Management Operations, A Cost Report. : Hart Publishing. [Details]
(2008) UN Peacekeeping in Lebanon, Somalia and Kosovo: Legal and Operational Issues in Practice.
Murphy,R. (2008) UN Peacekeeping in Lebanon, Somalia and Kosovo: Legal and Operational Issues in Practice. : Cambridge University Press, 2007 (reprinted 2008). [Details]
(1997) Ireland, Peacekeeping and Policing the ‘New World Order’, Centre for Research and Documentation (CRD).
Murphy,R. (1997) Ireland, Peacekeeping and Policing the ‘New World Order’, Centre for Research and Documentation (CRD). Belfast [ARAN Link] [Details]

Book Chapters

  Year Publication
(2015) 'Problems Confronting any International Peacekeeping Force in the Israel-Palestine Conflict'
Ray Murphy (2015) 'Problems Confronting any International Peacekeeping Force in the Israel-Palestine Conflict' In: The Irish Yearbook of International Law. Oxford: United Kingdom: Hart. [Details]
(2012) 'Forgotten rights: Consequences of the Israeli occupation of the Golan Heights'
Ray Murphy (2012) 'Forgotten rights: Consequences of the Israeli occupation of the Golan Heights' In: D. Keane and Y. McDermott (eds.), The Challenges of Human Rights - Past, Present and Future, Edgar Allen, Cheltenham UK (2012), pp. 138-164. Cheltenham UK: Edward Elgar. [Details]
(2012) 'Introduction'
Ray Murphy (2012) 'Introduction' In: Post-Conflict Rebuilding and International Law. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate. [ARAN Link] [Details]
(2012) 'Origins and Development of International Humanitarian Law'
Ray Murphy (2012) 'Origins and Development of International Humanitarian Law' In: Manual for International Criminal Investigations, Institute for International Criminal Investigations. The Hague, Netherlands: Institute for International Criminal Investigations. [Details]
(2012) 'International Security and United Nations Peacekeeping: the Irish Experience'
Ray Murphy (2012) 'International Security and United Nations Peacekeeping: the Irish Experience' In: Irish Foreign Policy. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan. [Details]
(2010) 'War Crimes'
Murphy,R. (2010) 'War Crimes' In: The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Globalization. John Wiley & Sons. [Details]
(2010) 'United Nations Standby Arrangement System ((UNSAS)'
Murphy,R. (2010) 'United Nations Standby Arrangement System ((UNSAS)' In: Max Planck Encyclopaedia of Public International Law. OUP Oxford. [Details]
(2007) 'United Nations Peacekeeping and International Humanitarian Law'
Murphy,R. (2007) 'United Nations Peacekeeping and International Humanitarian Law' In: The Library of Essays in International Law: International Peacekeeping. Ashgate/University of Peace, South Korea: Kondoch,B. [Details]
(2006) 'International prestige and domestic values in civil-military conflicts: two Irish case studies'
R. Murphy and J. Callaghan (2006) 'International prestige and domestic values in civil-military conflicts: two Irish case studies' In: Civil Military Relations in Europe. Oxford, UK: Routledge. [Details]
(2005) 'The legal framework governing Irish participation in peace operations'
Ray Murphy (2005) 'The legal framework governing Irish participation in peace operations' In: Obligations and Responsibilities: Ireland and the United Nations 1955-2005. Dublin: Institute of Public Administration. [Details]
(2002) 'Ireland , Peacekeeping and Defence Policy: Challenges and Opportunities'
Murphy,R. (2002) 'Ireland , Peacekeeping and Defence Policy: Challenges and Opportunities' In: Ireland in International Affairs: Interests, Institutions and Identities. Dublin , Institute of Public Administration. [Details]

Conference Publications

  Year Publication
(2015) 5th International Nursing and Midwifery Conference, School of Nursing and Midwifery, National University of Ireland Galway
Setyonugroho W, Kropmans K, Murphy R, Hayes P, Kennedy KM (2015) Fixing the Rubber Band in Communication Skills Assessment - Analysis of Interdepartmental OSCE Stations (Oral presentation) 5th International Nursing and Midwifery Conference, School of Nursing and Midwifery, National University of Ireland Galway [Details]
(2013) United Nations Security Council, Force and the Rule of Law, Australia National University Centre for International Governance and Justice and the Australian Government’s Australian Civil-Military Centre, Strengthening the Rule of Law through the United Nations Security Council, New York, 13 -14 June 2013
Ray Murphy (2013) ‘Accountability and Oversight of UN Actors’ United Nations Security Council, Force and the Rule of Law, Australia National University Centre for International Governance and Justice and the Australian Government’s Australian Civil-Military Centre, Strengthening the Rule of Law through the United Nations Security Council, New York, 13 -14 June 2013 [Details]
(2012) Ray Murphy, ‘The Criminalization of IHL and HRL Violations Committed by Peace Forces: How Des it Work in Practice?’ Proceedings of the Bruges Colloquium, International Organisations’ Involvement in Peace Operations: Applicable Legal Framework and the Issue of Responsibility
Ray Murphy (2012) The Criminalization of IHL and HRL Violations Committed by Peace Forces: How Des it Work in Practice? Ray Murphy, ‘The Criminalization of IHL and HRL Violations Committed by Peace Forces: How Des it Work in Practice?’ Proceedings of the Bruges Colloquium, International Organisations’ Involvement in Peace Operations: Applicable Legal Framework and the Issue of Responsibility College of Europe, Bruges, , pp.137-145 [Details]

Published Reports

  Year Publication
(2014) Correspondent Report on International Humanitarian Law Developments in Ireland - 2013.
R. Murphy (2014) Correspondent Report on International Humanitarian Law Developments in Ireland - 2013. Asser Press, Springer, Asser Institute, The Hague. [Details]
(2014) Providing for Peacekeeping - Country Profile Ireland 2014.
Ray Murphy (2014) Providing for Peacekeeping - Country Profile Ireland 2014. International Peace Institute/Elliot School at George Washington University, USA, New York. [Details]
(2011) Report on International Humanitarian Law and related developments in Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 13, 2010.
Ray Murphy (2011) Report on International Humanitarian Law and related developments in Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 13, 2010. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. [Details]
(2010) Report on International Humanitarian Law and related developments in Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 12, 2009.
Ray Murphy (2010) Report on International Humanitarian Law and related developments in Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 12, 2009. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. [Details]
(2010) Report on International Humanitarian Law and related developments in Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 11, 2008.
Ray Murphy (2010) Report on International Humanitarian Law and related developments in Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 11, 2008. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. [Details]
(2009) Report on International Humanitarian Law and related developments in Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2007, Vol. 10.
Ray Murphy (2009) Report on International Humanitarian Law and related developments in Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2007, Vol. 10. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. [Details]
(2008) Report on International Humanitarian Law and related developments in Ireland, Yearbook of Humanitarian Law 2006, Vol. 9.
Ray Murphy (2008) Report on International Humanitarian Law and related developments in Ireland, Yearbook of Humanitarian Law 2006, Vol. 9. Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. [Details]
(2008) Changing the Landscape: Israel’s Gross Violations of International Law in the Occupied Syrian Golan, (70 pages).
Ray Murphy and Declan Gannon (2008) Changing the Landscape: Israel’s Gross Violations of International Law in the Occupied Syrian Golan, (70 pages). Al Marsad, the Arab Centre for Human Rights in the Occupied Golan, 2008, Al Marsad, the Arab Centre for Human Rights in the Occupied Golan, 2008. [Details]
(2007) Report on Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2005, Vol. 8.
Ray Murphy (2007) Report on Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2005, Vol. 8. TMC Asser Institute, The Hague, Netherlands. [Details]
(2007) Report on International Humanitarian Law and related developments in Ireland, Yearbook of Humanitarian Law 2004, Vol. 7.
Ray Murphy (2007) Report on International Humanitarian Law and related developments in Ireland, Yearbook of Humanitarian Law 2004, Vol. 7. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK. [Details]
(2006) Report on International Humanitarian Law and related developments in Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2003, Vol 6.
Ray Murphy (2006) Report on International Humanitarian Law and related developments in Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2003, Vol 6. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. [Details]
(2005) Report on International Humanitarian Law and related developments in Ireland’, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2002, Vol 5.
Ray Murphy (2005) Report on International Humanitarian Law and related developments in Ireland’, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2002, Vol 5. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. [Details]
(2004) Report on Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2001, Vol. 4.
Ray Murphy (2004) Report on Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2001, Vol. 4. TMC Asser Institute, The Hague, Netherlands. [Details]
(2002) Report on Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2000, Vol. 3.
Ray Murphy (2002) Report on Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2000, Vol. 3. TMC Asser Institute, The Hague. [Details]
(2000) Report on Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 1999, Vol. 2.
Ray Murphy (2000) Report on Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 1999, Vol. 2. TMC Asser Institute, The Hague, Netherlands. [Details]
(1998) Report on Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 1998, Vol. 1.
Ray Murphy (1998) Report on Ireland, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 1998, Vol. 1. TMC Asser Institute, The Hague, Netherlands. [Details]

Edited Books

  Year Publication
(2012) Post-Conflict Rebuilding and International Law.
Ray Murphy (Ed.). (2012) Post-Conflict Rebuilding and International Law Post-Conflict Rebuilding and International Law. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate. [Details]
(2008) Edited Special Edition - United Nations Peace Operations and Human Rights.
Murphy,R, Mansson,K (Ed.). (2008) Edited Special Edition - United Nations Peace Operations and Human Rights Edited Special Edition - United Nations Peace Operations and Human Rights. -: Taylor and Francis/Routledge. [Details]

Other Journals

  Year Publication
(2004) 'Sudan: Dafur International Crimes'
Ray Murphy (2004) 'Sudan: Dafur International Crimes' The Reparation Report, The Bi-Annual Journal of the Redress Trust, Vol. 4, November 2004, 4 . [Details]

ANET/COS

  Year Publication
(2015) ‘International court still struggling to have impact’, The Irish Times, 29 June 2015, Law Matters, p. 7.
Ray Murphy (2015) ‘International court still struggling to have impact’, The Irish Times, 29 June 2015, Law Matters, p. 7. ANET/COS [Details]
(2013) 'UN intervention brigade in DRC must arm itself with extreme caution', The Irish Times, 5 April 2013, p. 14.
Ray Murphy (2013) 'UN intervention brigade in DRC must arm itself with extreme caution', The Irish Times, 5 April 2013, p. 14. Dublin: ANET/COS [Details]

Abstract

  Year Publication
(2015) War crimes’ investigation should follow UN inquiry into Gaza conflict, The Irish Times, 26 June 2015, p. 16.
Ray Murphy (2015) War crimes’ investigation should follow UN inquiry into Gaza conflict, The Irish Times, 26 June 2015, p. 16. Dublin, Ireland: Abstract [Details]

Book Review

  Year Publication
(2013) Book Review, S. Wills, 'Protecting Civilians - the Obligations of Peacekeepers', 23 Criminal Law Forum (2013) 403-406.
Ray Murphy (2013) Book Review, S. Wills, 'Protecting Civilians - the Obligations of Peacekeepers', 23 Criminal Law Forum (2013) 403-406. Criminal Law Forum, Dordrecht 2013: Book Review [Details]
(2011) Cherif Bassiouni (ed.), International Criminal Law (3 Vols.): Sources, Subjects and Contents (Vol. 1); Multilateral and Bilateral Enforcement Mechanisms (Vol. 2); International Enforcement (Vol. 3). Martinus Nijhoff, Leiden (2008), International Criminal Law Review, Vol. 11 (2011), pp. 180-182.
Ray Murphy (2011) Cherif Bassiouni (ed.), International Criminal Law (3 Vols.): Sources, Subjects and Contents (Vol. 1); Multilateral and Bilateral Enforcement Mechanisms (Vol. 2); International Enforcement (Vol. 3). Martinus Nijhoff, Leiden (2008), International Criminal Law Review, Vol. 11 (2011), pp. 180-182. Book Review [Details]
(2008) The Milosevic Trial.
Murphy, R (2008) The Milosevic Trial. Book Review [DOI] [Details]
(2008) Marten Zwanenburg, Accountability of Peace Support Operations, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2005, Criminal Law Forum.
Ray Murphy (2008) Marten Zwanenburg, Accountability of Peace Support Operations, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2005, Criminal Law Forum. Book Review [Details]
(2008) Gideon Boas, The Milosovic Trial, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, Modern Law Review, Vol. 71, No. 4, July 2008, pp. 650-653.
Ray Murpny (2008) Gideon Boas, The Milosovic Trial, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, Modern Law Review, Vol. 71, No. 4, July 2008, pp. 650-653. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK: Book Review [Details]
(2003) Mari Katayanagi, Human Rights Functions of Peacekeeping Operations, (Kluwer, The Hague, 2002) - Human Rights Law Review, 2003.
Ray Murphy (2003) Mari Katayanagi, Human Rights Functions of Peacekeeping Operations, (Kluwer, The Hague, 2002) - Human Rights Law Review, 2003. Book Review [Details]
(2001) Restoring and Maintaining Order in Complex Peace Operations. Journal of Conflict and Security Law.
Murphy,R. (2001) Restoring and Maintaining Order in Complex Peace Operations. Journal of Conflict and Security Law. Book Review [Details]

Conference Paper

  Year Publication
(2003) Human Rights Functions of Peacekeeping Operations. Human Rights Law Review.
Murphy,R. (2003) Human Rights Functions of Peacekeeping Operations. Human Rights Law Review. Conference Paper [Details]

Editorial

  Year Publication
(2007) UN PEACEKEEPING IN LEBANON, SOMALIA AND KOSOVO Operational and Legal Issues in Practice PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.
Murphy, R (2007) UN PEACEKEEPING IN LEBANON, SOMALIA AND KOSOVO Operational and Legal Issues in Practice PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. Editorial [Details]
(2007) UN PEACEKEEPING IN LEBANON, SOMALIA AND KOSOVO Operational and Legal Issues in Practice Conclusion.
Murphy, R (2007) UN PEACEKEEPING IN LEBANON, SOMALIA AND KOSOVO Operational and Legal Issues in Practice Conclusion. Editorial [Details]
(2007) UN PEACEKEEPING IN LEBANON, SOMALIA AND KOSOVO Operational and Legal Issues in Practice Introduction.
Murphy, R (2007) UN PEACEKEEPING IN LEBANON, SOMALIA AND KOSOVO Operational and Legal Issues in Practice Introduction. Editorial [Details]

Electronic Source

  Year Publication
(2010) Conviction in Cambodia a Victory in Fight Against Injustice, Amnesty International Ireland, http://www.amnesty.ie/news/conviction-cambodia-victory-fight-against-injustice.
Ray Murphy (2010) Conviction in Cambodia a Victory in Fight Against Injustice, Amnesty International Ireland, http://www.amnesty.ie/news/conviction-cambodia-victory-fight-against-injustice. Amnesty International, Dublin, Ireland: Electronic Source [Details]

Encyclopedia Entry

  Year Publication
(2013) United Nations Standby Arrangements System (UNSAS)(updated).
Ray Murphy (2013) United Nations Standby Arrangements System (UNSAS)(updated). Oxford: Encyclopedia Entry [Details]
(2004) War in Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, 2004.
Ray Murphy (2004) War in Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, 2004. New York: Encyclopedia Entry [Details]
(2004) United Nations General Assembly in Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity.
Ray Murphy (2004) United Nations General Assembly in Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity. New York: Encyclopedia Entry [Details]

Newspaper Articles

  Year Publication
(2015) 'UN must take decisive action to end abuse', The Irish Times, 24 August 2015, p. 12.
Ray Murphy (2015) 'UN must take decisive action to end abuse', The Irish Times, 24 August 2015, p. 12. Irish Times: Newspaper Articles [Details]
(2014) 'Ireland should maintain Golan Peacekeeping Force', The Irish Times, 3 September 2014, p. 14.
Ray Murphy (2014) 'Ireland should maintain Golan Peacekeeping Force', The Irish Times, 3 September 2014, p. 14. Dublin: Newspaper Articles [Details]
(2014) 'Controversy sure to follow inquiry into Gaza strife', Irish Times, 15 August 2014, p. 14.
Ray Murphy (2014) 'Controversy sure to follow inquiry into Gaza strife', Irish Times, 15 August 2014, p. 14. Dublin: Newspaper Articles [Details]
(2014) Letter from Ramallah - Besieged Bedouin camp misrocosm of Israeli occupation and settlement policy - The Irish Times, 19 March 2014, p. 10.
Ray Murphy (2014) Letter from Ramallah - Besieged Bedouin camp misrocosm of Israeli occupation and settlement policy - The Irish Times, 19 March 2014, p. 10. The Irish Times, Dublin: Newspaper Articles [Details]
(2013) 'Defence Forces deployment to Golan Heights a positive move', The Irish Times, 18 July 2013, p. 16.
Ray Murphy (2013) 'Defence Forces deployment to Golan Heights a positive move', The Irish Times, 18 July 2013, p. 16. Newspaper Articles [ARAN Link] [Details]
(2013) International players fiddle while Syria burns, The Irish Times, 4 Feb 2013, p. 12.
Ray Murphy (2013) International players fiddle while Syria burns, The Irish Times, 4 Feb 2013, p. 12. The Irish Times, Dublin: Newspaper Articles [ARAN Link] [Details]
(2013) Is the pursuit of international justice flawed? The Irish Times, 6 June 2013, p. 14.
Ray Murphy (2013) Is the pursuit of international justice flawed? The Irish Times, 6 June 2013, p. 14. Dublin: Newspaper Articles [ARAN Link] [Details]
(2012) Ilusory UN peace plan has failed to stop Syrian horror, The Irish Times, 31 May 2012, p. 14.
Ray Murphy (2012) Ilusory UN peace plan has failed to stop Syrian horror, The Irish Times, 31 May 2012, p. 14. Dublin, Ireland: Newspaper Articles [Details]
(2012) A milestone for international court as notorious warlord is brought to justice, The Irish Times, 28 March 2012, p. 18.
Ray Murphy (2012) A milestone for international court as notorious warlord is brought to justice, The Irish Times, 28 March 2012, p. 18. Dublin, Ireland: Newspaper Articles [Details]
(2012) Cambodia War Crimes Tribunal at risk of failure, Irish Times, 16 February 2012, p. 14.
Ray Murphy (2012) Cambodia War Crimes Tribunal at risk of failure, Irish Times, 16 February 2012, p. 14. Irish Times, 16 February 2012, p. 14: Newspaper Articles [Details]
(2012) Ireland not fulfilling child soldier obligations, Sunday Business Post, 1 January 2012, p. n 22.
Ray Murphy (2012) Ireland not fulfilling child soldier obligations, Sunday Business Post, 1 January 2012, p. n 22. Sunday Business Post, 1 January 2012: Newspaper Articles [ARAN Link] [Details]
(2011) Peacekeepers on Lebanon need support on the ground, The Irish Times, 27 June 2011.
Ray Murphy (2011) Peacekeepers on Lebanon need support on the ground, The Irish Times, 27 June 2011. The Irish Times, Dublin, Ireland: Newspaper Articles [Details]
(2011) Is it time for a World Court of Human Rights?, Sunday Business Post, 2 January 2011.
Ray Murphy (2011) Is it time for a World Court of Human Rights?, Sunday Business Post, 2 January 2011. Sunday Business Post, Dublin, Ireland: Newspaper Articles [ARAN Link] [Details]
(2010) Why is UN leaving Chad to banditry and strife?, The Irish Times, 11 May 2010.
Ray Murphy (2010) Why is UN leaving Chad to banditry and strife?, The Irish Times, 11 May 2010. The Irish Times, Dublin, Ireland: Newspaper Articles [Details]
(2010) Irish and UN forces faced with dilemma in Lebanon. The Irish Times, 20 Dec 2010.
Murphy, R. (2010) Irish and UN forces faced with dilemma in Lebanon. The Irish Times, 20 Dec 2010. Newspaper Articles [ARAN Link] [Details]
(2007) UN Must Take Central Role in Darfur Crisis. The Irish Times.
Murphy, R. (2007) UN Must Take Central Role in Darfur Crisis. The Irish Times. Newspaper Articles [ARAN Link] [Details]
(2006) Peacekeeping mission can work only if given mandate and means, The Irish Times.
Ray Murphy (2006) Peacekeeping mission can work only if given mandate and means, The Irish Times. Dublin: Newspaper Articles [Details]
(2005) UN must refer atrocities to International Court. The Irish Times.
Murphy, R. (2005) UN must refer atrocities to International Court. The Irish Times. Newspaper Articles [ARAN Link] [Details]
(2004) Strong credible evidence of War Crime. The Irish Times.
Murphy, R. (2004) Strong credible evidence of War Crime. The Irish Times. Newspaper Articles [ARAN Link] [Details]
(2004) Historic Guantanamo Bay ruling has Wide Implications. The Irish Times.
Murphy, R. (2004) Historic Guantanamo Bay ruling has Wide Implications. The Irish Times. Newspaper Articles [ARAN Link] [Details]
(2003) Liberia mission involves significant risk, The Irish Times.
Ray Murphy (2003) Liberia mission involves significant risk, The Irish Times. Dublin: Newspaper Articles [Details]
(2003) EU Bewildered by Ireland's Attitude to Peacekeeping Force for Macedonia. The Irish Times.
Murphy, R. (2003) EU Bewildered by Ireland's Attitude to Peacekeeping Force for Macedonia. The Irish Times. Newspaper Articles [ARAN Link] [Details]
(2002) Israeli Action in Jenin far from a Proportionate Response. The Irish Times.
Murphy, R. (2002) Israeli Action in Jenin far from a Proportionate Response. The Irish Times. Newspaper Articles [ARAN Link] [Details]

Other Item

  Year Publication
(2008) Darfur in Crisis, Amnesty International Ireland.
Ray Murphy (2008) Darfur in Crisis, Amnesty International Ireland. Other Item [Details]
(2007) Annotation of the Defence (Amendment) Act 2007. Irish Current Law Statutes Annotated.
Murphy,R. (2007) Annotation of the Defence (Amendment) Act 2007. Irish Current Law Statutes Annotated. Other Item [Details]
(2007) Annotation of the International Criminal Court Act 2006. Irish Current Law Statutes Annotated.
Murphy,R. (2007) Annotation of the International Criminal Court Act 2006. Irish Current Law Statutes Annotated. Other Item [Details]
(2007) Annotation of the Defence (Amendment) Act, 2006. Irish Current Law Statutes Annotated.
Murphy,R. (2007) Annotation of the Defence (Amendment) Act, 2006. Irish Current Law Statutes Annotated. Other Item [Details]
(2002) Report on Children in Armed Conflict Worldwide: Ireland's Commitment to Child Protection, Dublin.
Murphy,R. (2002) Report on Children in Armed Conflict Worldwide: Ireland's Commitment to Child Protection, Dublin. Other Item [Details]
(2001) ‘Criminal Justice (Safety of United Nations Workers) Act, 2000'. Irish Current Law Statutes Annotated.
Murphy,R. (2001) ‘Criminal Justice (Safety of United Nations Workers) Act, 2000'. Irish Current Law Statutes Annotated. Other Item [Details]
(2001) ‘UNIFIL - An Interim Analysis' and ‘Background to the Battle of At Tiri’.
Murphy,R. (2001) ‘UNIFIL - An Interim Analysis' and ‘Background to the Battle of At Tiri’. Other Item [Details]
(2000) ‘The Criminal Justice (United Nations Convention against Torture) Act, 1999'. Irish Current Law Statutes Annotated.
Murphy,R. (2000) ‘The Criminal Justice (United Nations Convention against Torture) Act, 1999'. Irish Current Law Statutes Annotated. Other Item [Details]
(2000) ‘The Permanent International Criminal Court - solving the missing link in the international legal system? . Irish Law Times.
Murphy,R. (2000) ‘The Permanent International Criminal Court - solving the missing link in the international legal system? . Irish Law Times. Other Item [Details]
(1999) Annotation of the International War Crimes Tribunal Act, 1998. Irish Current Law Statutes Annotated.
Murphy,R, Campbell,C. (1999) Annotation of the International War Crimes Tribunal Act, 1998. Irish Current Law Statutes Annotated. Other Item [Details]
(1998) Annotation of the Geneva Conventions (Amendment) Act, 1998 . Irish Current Law Statutes Annotated.
Murphy,R, Campbell,C. (1998) Annotation of the Geneva Conventions (Amendment) Act, 1998 . Irish Current Law Statutes Annotated. Other Item [Details]
(1998) ‘Municipal Legal Basis for Irish Participation in Military Operations Abroad'.
Murphy,R. (1998) ‘Municipal Legal Basis for Irish Participation in Military Operations Abroad'. Other Item [Details]
(1997) Conflict Resolution and Peacemaking/Peacekeeping: the Irish and Canadian Experience.
Murphy,R. (1997) Conflict Resolution and Peacemaking/Peacekeeping: the Irish and Canadian Experience. Other Item [Details]
(1994) ‘New Departure for Ireland in Peacekeeping: Evolution or Invention?' .
Murphy,R. (1994) ‘New Departure for Ireland in Peacekeeping: Evolution or Invention?' . Other Item [Details]
(1993) ‘Case and Comment-Private William Murphy (Appellant)'.
Murphy,R. (1993) ‘Case and Comment-Private William Murphy (Appellant)'. Other Item [Details]
(1993) ‘The Competition Act 1991 and Recent Developments'.
Murphy,R. (1993) ‘The Competition Act 1991 and Recent Developments'. Other Item [Details]

Non Published Reports

  Year Publication
(2011) The Assessment and Update of Customary International Humanitarian Law in Ireland.
Ray Murphy (2011) The Assessment and Update of Customary International Humanitarian Law in Ireland. Irish Red Cross and International Committee of the Red Cross: Non Published Reports [Details]
(2010) Report on International Humanitarian Law and related developments in Ireland. Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law.
Murphy,R. (2010) Report on International Humanitarian Law and related developments in Ireland. Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law. Non Published Reports [Details]

Honours and Awards

  Year Title Awarding Body
2008 National Award for teaching and innovative research National Academy for the Integration of Research & Teaching and Learning
2007 Teaching excellence NUI Galway
2006 Fulbright Fellowship Fulbright Awards

Professional Associations

  Association Function From / To
Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission Statutory body (Ireland) /
Justice Rapid Response - External Faculty Training /
Association of Human Rights Institutes (AHRI) Education /
Institute for International Criminal Investigations Training /
Board of Directors and National Director, European Masters Degree in Human Rights and Democratisation, European Inter- University Centre for Human Rights and Democratisation Education /

Committees

  Committee Function From / To
Irish Red Cross and Advisory Committee on International Humanitarian Law Advisory /
Standing Committee, Academic Council, NUI Galway Education /
Royal Irish Academy International Affairs Committee International Affairs /
National Executive Board - Amnesty International Ireland human rights 01-FEB-06 / 30-NOV-13

Education

  Year Institution Qualification Subject
1994 Dublin Institute of Technology Diploma in Arbitration Law (Dip. Arb. Law) Diploma in Arbitration Law (Dip. Arb. Law)
1979 National University of Ireland BACHELOR OF ARTS Political Science, Legal Science
2001 University of Nottingham (UK) PhD International Law
1992 Dublin University, Trinity College Masters Degree (M.Litt.) Masters Degree (M.Litt.)
1981 National University of Ireland Galway Bachelor of Law Law
1984 Kings Inns (Dublin) Barrister at Law Law

Teaching Interests

Peace operations; international humanitarian law; human rights; alternative dispute resolution and land law.

Current Postgraduate Students (Research)

  Student Degree Type Type
Bochao Yang Doctorate - Structured Ph.D. in the College of Business, Law & Public Policy Supervisor
Caroline Sweeney Doctorate - Structured Ph.D. in the College of Business, Law & Public Policy Supervisor
Cian Moran Doctorate - Structured Ph.D. in the College of Business, Law & Public Policy Supervisor
Amina Adanan Doctorate - Ph.D. In Law Supervisor
Tanja Florath Doctorate - Structured Ph.D. in the College of Business, Law & Public Policy Supervisor