HEALTH BEHAVIOUR IN SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN (HBSC) IRELAND

World Health Organization Collaborative Cross-National Study


The Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey is a WHO collaborative cross-national study that monitors the health behaviours, health outcomes and social environments of school-aged children every four years. HBSC Ireland surveys school-going children aged 9-18 years. The study is conducted by the HBSC Ireland team, based at the Health Promotion Research Centre, NUI Galway.
As a result of the recent cyber attack on NUI Galway a number of downloads are not currently available. Please bear with us while we correct this problem. If you require any assistance please email hbsc@nuigalway.ie.

International Reports containing HBSC Ireland data are listed alphabetically by author within year of publication: 

2021

Barbieri, D., García Cazola, A., Thil, L., Mollard, B., Ochmann, J., Peciukonis, V., Reingarde, J., & Salanauskaite, L. (2021). Gender Equality Index 2021. Vilnius: European Institute for Gender Equality. download

Bruni, L., Albero, G., Serrano, B., Mena, M., Collado, J.J., Gómez, D., Muñoz, J., Bosch, F.X., & de Sanjosé, S. (2021). Human Papillomavirus and Related Diseases Report: Ireland. Barcelona: ICO/IARC Information Centre on HPV and Cancer (HPV Information Centre). download

Högberg, B., & Horn, D. (2021). High-stakes national testing, gender and school stress in Europe–A difference-in-difference analysis (No. 2111). Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies. https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/237555/1/CERSIEWP202111.pdf

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development . (2021). Health at a Glance 2021: OECD Indicators. Paris: OECD.  https://doi.org/10.1787/ae3016b9-en. 

United Nations Children's Fund. (2021). The State of the World’s Children 2021: On My Mind – Promoting, protecting and caring for children’s mental health. New York: UNICEF. download (see also the Interactive dashboard)

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (2021). Definition of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) thematic indicator 4.a.2: Percentage of students who experienced bullying in the last 12 months. Paris: UNESCO. download

2020

Gromada, A., Rees, G., & Chzhen, Y. (2020). Worlds of Influence: Understanding what shapes Child Well-being in Rich Countries.  Innocenti Report Card 16, Florence: UNICEF Office of Research. download

Hansen, K.F. & Stutzer, A. (2020). Parental Unemployment, Social Insurance and Child Well-being across Countries. Institute of Labor Economics Discussion Paper Series IZA DP No. 13752. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3704135download

Inchley, J., Currie, D., Budisavljevic, S., Torsheim, T., Jåstad, A., Alina Cosma, A., Kelly, C., Arnarsson, A.M., & Samdal, O. (‎2020)‎. Spotlight on Adolescent Health and Well-being. Findings from the 2017/2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (‎HBSC)‎ survey in Europe and Canada. International report. Summary. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download  

Inchley, J., Currie, D., Budisavljevic, S., Torsheim, T., Jåstad, A., Alina Cosma, A., Kelly, C., & Arnarsson, A.M. (‎2020)‎. Spotlight on Adolescent Health and Well-being. Findings from the 2017/2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (‎HBSC)‎ survey in Europe and Canada. International report. Volume 1. Key findings. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

Inchley, J., Currie, D., Budisavljevic, S., Torsheim, T., Jåstad, A., Alina Cosma, A., Kelly, C., Arnarsson, A.M., & Samdal, O. (‎2020)‎. Spotlight on Adolescent Health and Well-being. Findings from the 2017/2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (‎HBSC)‎ survey in Europe and Canada. International report. Volume 2. Key data. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

2019

Scott, E., Whitehead, R., Aleman-Diaz, A.Y., & Weber, M. (2019). Adolescent Health and dDevelopment in the WHO European Region: Can we do better? Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

Shah, R., Hagell, A., & Cheung, R. (2019). International comparisons of Health and wWellbeing in Adolescence and Early Adulthood. London: Nuffield Trust. download

UNESCO. (2019). Behind the Numbers: Ending School Violence and Bullying. Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. download

WHO (2019). European Tobacco Use: Trends Report 2019. Copenhagen: World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe. download

2018

European Institute for Gender Equality. (2018). Gender Equality and Youth: Opportunities and Risks of Digitalisation. Brussels: Council of the European Union. download

Fumarco, L. & Stijin, B. (2018). Relative age effect on European Adolescents' Social Network.  GLO discussion paper no. 277. Maastricht: Global Labor Organization. download

Fumarco, L. & Stijin, B. (2018). Younger and Dissatisfied? Relative Age and Life-satisfaction in Adolescence. GLO discussion paper no. 278. Maastricht: Global Labor Organization. download

Inchley, J., Currie, D., Vieno, A., Torsheim, T., Ferreira-Borges, C., Weber, M.M., Barnekow, V., & Breda, J. (Eds.) (2018). Adolescent alcohol-related behaviours: trends and inequalities in the WHO European Region, 2002-2014. Observations from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) WHO collaborative cross-national study. Copenhagen: World Health Orgainzation Regional Office for Europe. download.

Ketting, E. & Ivanova, O. (2018). Sexuality Education in Europe and Central Asia. State of the art and recent developments: An overview of 25 countries. Cologne: Federal Centre for Health Education BZgA. download.

Ketting, E. & Ivanova, O. (2018). Sexuality Education in the WHO European Region. Ireland. Cologne: Federal Centre for Health Education BZgA. download.

Ketting, E. & Ivanova, O. (2018). Sexuality education in the WHO European Region. Regional overview of the status of Sexuality Education in 25 countries of the WHO European Region. Cologne: Federal Centre for Health Education BZgA. download.

Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development. (2018). Children and Young People's Mental Health in the Digital Age. Shaping the future. Paris: OECD. download

Richardson, D. & Fen Hiu, C. (2018). Developing a Global Indicator on Bullying of School-aged Children. Innocenti Working Paper WP-2018-11.  Florence: UNICEF Office of Research. download.

WHO. (2018). European Health Report 2018: More than numbers - Evidence for all. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

WHO. (2018). Physical Activity Factsheets for the 28 European Union Member States of the WHO European Region. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

WHO. (2018). Situation of Child and Adolescent Health in Europe. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download

WHO. (2018). The Health and Well-being of Men in the WHO European Region: Better health through a Gender Approach. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download.

2017

UNICEF. (2017). A Familiar Face: Violence in the lives of children and adolescents. New York: UNICEF. download

UNICEF. (2017). Building the Future: Children and the Sustainable Development Goals in Rich Countries. Innocenti Report Card 14. Florence: UNICEF Office of Research. download.

WHO. (2017). Adolescent Obesity and Related Behaviours: Trends and inequalities in the WHO European Region, 2002–2014. Observations from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) WHO collaborative cross-national study. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download.

2016

Elgar, F.J. & Currie, C. (2016). Early-life Exposure to Income Inequality and Adolescent Health and Well-being: Evidence from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Study. Florence: UNICEF Office of Research. download.

Inchley, J., Currie, D., Young, T., Samdal, O., Torsheim, T., Augustson, L., Mathison, F., Aleman-Diaz, A., Molcho, M., Weber, M., & Barnekow, V. (eds). (2016). Growing-up unequal: gender and socioeconomic differences in young people's health and well-being. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from the 2013/2014 survey. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download.

OECD. (2016). How's life in Ireland? Paris: The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. download

OECD/EU. (2016). Health at a Glance: Europe 2016 – State of Health in the EU Cycle. Paris: The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. download

UNICEF. (2016). Fairness for Children: A league table of Inequality in Child Well-being in Rich Countries. Innocenti Report Card 13. Florence: UNICEF Office of Research. download

Walsh, S. D., Bruckauf, Z., & Gaspar, T. (2016). Adolescents at risk. Psychosomatic Health Complaints, Low Life Satisfaction, Excessive Sugar Consumption and their relationship with Cumulative Risks. Innocenti Working Paper No.2016-13. Florence: UNICEF Office of Research. download

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. (2016). Physical Activity Strategy for the WHO European Region 2016-2025. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download from the WHO Europe website

2015

OECD (2015). How's life? 2015: Measuring Well-being. Paris: The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. download

2014

WHO. (2014). Health for the World's Adolescents: A second chance in the second decade. Geneva: World Health Organization. . download from the WHO website 

WHO. (2014). Realizing our Vision: Report of the Regional Director on the work of WHO in the European Region in 2012–2013. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download from the WHO Europe website

WHO.  (2014). Regional Committee for Europe 64th Session: Investing in children the European Child andAdolescent Health Strategy 2015-2020. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download from the WHO Europe website

2013

Bradshaw, J., Martorano, B., Natal, L., & de Neubourg, C. (2013). Children's Subjective Well-being in Rich Countries.  Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre. download 

Molcho, M. (2013). The development and use of a set of children’s well-being indicators in Ireland. In: V. Barnekow, B. Bruun Jensen, C. Currie, A. Dyson, N. Eisenstadt and E. Melhuish (Eds.) Improving the lives of Children and Young People: Case studies from Europe. Volume 2. Childhood. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download from the WHO/Europe website 

Martorano, B., de Neubourg, C., Natal, L., & Bradshaw, J. (2013). Child Well-being in Economically Rich Countries: Changes in the first decade. Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre. download 

Martorano, B., Natal, L., de Neubourg, C., & Bradshaw, J. (2013). Child Well-being in Advanced Economics in the late 2000's. Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre. download 

UCL Institute of Health Equity. (2013). Review of Social Determinants and the Health Divide in the WHO European Region: final report. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download from the WHO/Europe website

UNICEF. (2013). Child Well-being in Rich Countries: A comparative overview. Innocenti Report Card 11. Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre. download 

UNICEF. (2013). Child Well-being in Rich Countries: A comparative overview. Ireland. Innocenti Report Card 11. Florence: UNICEF Office of Research. download 

WHO. (2013). Country profiles on Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity in the 28 European Union Member States of the WHO European Region. Methodology and Summary. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download from the WHO/Europe website

WHO. (2013). Country profiles on Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity in the 53 WHO European Region Member States. Methodology and Summary. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download from the WHO/Europe website

WHO. (2013). Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity Ireland. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download from the WHO/Europe website

2012

Currie, C., Zanotti, C., Morgan, A., Currie, D., de Looze, M., Roberts, C., Samdal, O., Smith, O., & Barnekow, V. (eds). (2012).Social determinants of health and well-being among young people. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from the 2009/2010 survey. WHO Policy Series: Health Policy for Children and Adolescents. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download from the WHO/Europe website  

2011

TÁRKI. (2011). Child well-being in the European Union – Better Monitoring Instruments for Better Policies. Report prepared for the State Secretariat for Social Inclusion of the Ministry of Public Administration and Justice, Budapest. download 

2010

UNICEF. (2010). The Children Left Behind: A league table of Inequality in Child Well-being in the World’s Rich Countries. Innocenti Report Card 9. Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre. download

WHO. (2010). WHO/HBSC Forum 2009. Socio-environmentally determined Health Inequities among Children and Adolescents. Summary of outcomes, background papers and country case studies. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download 

2009

Boonen, A., de Vries, N., de Ruiter, S., Bowker, S., & Buijs, G. (2009). Healthy Eating and Physical Activity in Schools Guidelines. The Netherlands: NIGZ. download

Brooks, F., van der Sluijs, W., Klemera, E., Morgan, A., Magnusson, J., Nic Gabhainn, S., Roberts, C., Smith, R., & Currie, C. (2009). Young People's Health in Great Britain and Ireland: Findings from the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) Survey, 2006. Cardiff: Welsh Government. download  

Mladovsky, P., Allin, S., Masseria, C., Hernandez-Quevedo, C., McDaid, D., & Mossialos, E. (2009). Health in the European Union: Trends and Analysis. Copenhagen: World Health Organisation / European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies. download 

Molcho, M., Bjarnason, T., Cristini, F., Gaspar de Matos, M., Koller, T., Moreno, C., Nic Gabhainn, S., & Santinello, M. (2009). Foreign-born children in Europe: an overview from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. Brussels: International Organisation for Migration. download 

WHO. (2009). A Snapshot of the Health of Young People in Europe. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download  

2008

Currie, C., Nic Gabhainn, S., Godeau, E., Roberts, C., Smith, R., Currie, D., Pickett, W., Richter, M., Morgan, A., & Barnekow, V. (eds.) (2008). Inequalities in young people's health: HBSC International Report from the 2005/2006 Survey. WHO Policy Series: Health Policy for Children and Adolescents. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download from the WHO website 

EMCDDA. (2008). Statistical Bulletin 2008. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. download from http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/stats08 

WHO. (2008). Social Cohesion for Mental Well-Being Among Adolescents. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download from the WHO website

2007

Bradshaw, J., Hoelscher, P., & Richardson, D. (2007). Comparing Child Well-being in OECD Countries: Concepts and Methods. Innocenti Working Paper. Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre. download

UNICEF. (2007). Child poverty in perspective: An overview of child well-being in rich countries. Innocenti Report Card 7.  Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre. download 

Orkenyi, A., Zakarias, I., Varnai, D., Kokonyei, G., & Nemeth, A. (2007). Resilience: the art of adjustment. Budapest: European Commission and the Hungarian National Institute of Child Health. download 

2006

Anderson, P. & Baumberg, B. (2006). Alcohol in Europe. London: Institute of Alcohol Studies. download

Margo, J., Dixon, M., Pearce, N. & Reed, H. (2006). Freedoms Orphans: Raising Youth in a Changing World. London: Institute for Public Policy Research. download  

WHO & HBSC Forum. (2006). Addressing the Socioeconomic Determinants of Healthy Eating Habits and Physical Activity levels among Adolescents. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download 

2005

WHO. (2005). The European Health Report 2005: Public Health Action for Healthier Children and Populations. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download 

2004

Currie, C., Roberts, C., Morgan, A., Smith, R., Settertobulte, W., Samdal, O., & Barnekow-Rasmussen, V. (Eds.) (2004). Young People's Health in Context. International Report from the 2001/2002 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. WHO Policy Series: Health Policy for Children and Adolescents 4. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download 

2001

Settertobulte, W., Bruun Jensen, B., & Hurrelman, K. (2001). Drinking among Young Europeans. WHO Policy Series: Health Policy for Children and Adolescents 3. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download 

2000

Currie, C., Hurrelmann, K., Settertobulte, W., Smith, R., & Todd, J. (Eds.) (2000). Health and Health Behaviour among Young People. International Report from the 1997/1998 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. WHO Policy Series: Health Policy for Children and Adolescents 2. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download 

1999

Kolip, P. & Schmidt, H. (1999). Gender and Health in Adolescence. WHO Policy Series: Health Policy for Children and Adolescents 1. Copenhagen: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. download  

Department of Education and Justice. (1999). Annual Report on School Safety. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education and Justice. download